William Richards (1812 to 1885)

(Blind Bill)

and his family

This is the story that my research has revealed concerning William Richards, the eldest son of John and Sarah Richards formerly Nighton of Strelley / Cossall / Radford.

I have given this man a nickname of “Blind Bill” because in later life he went blind and also to identify him from other men in my Richards research that have the name William Richards.  None of my research has revealed that he was ever known by this nick name in his lifetime.

William Richards was baptised on the 5 January 1812 at Cossall.  He was the youngest of seven children.  He moved with his family when he was very small, possibly during his first year to Radford, where he was to remain for the rest of his life.

He went down the Radford pit to work and remained a Coal Miner all his working days.

William married Sarah Ryales a native of Duffield, Derbyshire at the Parish Church of St. Leodagarius, Basford where Sarah lived in 1831.  William was only 19 years of age at the time of their marriage and both his parents had passed away.  Henry Lowe was one of their witnesses who we believe was also a Coal Miner and may have been William's life long friend.  The Lowe family lived next door to William and his parents on the North Side of the Old Town of Radford during the period 1812 – 1819.

William and Sarah Richards formerly Ryales were blessed with at least five children but sadly Sarah died young in 1854 in her forties.  They named their eldest daughter Sarah, so we can safely presume that this girl is named after Sarah the mother of William Richards.  The name of this child requires further examination because the 1851 census records her name as Hannah.

St. Peters Street, Old Radford was the place of abode of William and Sarah from 1851 but before that they had resided in Church Street.  After the death of Sarah his wife, William remained in St. Peters Street for the rest of his life and never remarried it would seem.

The 1841 census, albeit brief, provides us with some valuable information.  We discover William and Sarah Richards were living in Church Street, Radford, which was in the Registration District of the Radford Union in the Regn. sub district and parish of Radford.  census Ref: HO107. Piece 860, Folio 10/42. Page 27.  Neither William nor Sarah were stated to have been born in Nottinghamshire.  They had a newly born baby boy, one day old and at that time had not been named.  We conclude he may later be named George.

Name Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupation Place of birth.
Richards, William M 25 1816 Coal Miner " N "
Richards, Sarah F 25 1816 - - " N "
Richards, Hannah F 3 1838 -- " Y " Notts.
U / K M 0 (1 day) 1841 -- " Y "Notts.
Let's now look at the 1851 census and also all the ten year census until 1911.  The 1851 census reveals the family were living at St. Peters Street, Radford, Nottinghamshire, which was in the parish and Registration district of Radford, Nottingham.
Census Ref: HO107. Piece 2129. Folio 422. Page 7.

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupation Place of birth.
Richards, William Head Married M 38 1813 Coal Miner Cossall, Notts.
Richards, Sarah Wife Marr. F 42 1809 - - Duffield, Derbys.
Richards, Hannah Dau. Unmarr. F 13 1838 Cotton Doffer Radford, Notts.
Richards, George Son Unmarr. M 9 1842 Scholar Radford, Notts.
Richards, Amos Son -- 6 1845 Scholar Radford, Notts.
Richards, William Son -- M 4 1847 -- Radford, Notts.
Richards, Edwin Son -- M 0 (4 mths) 1851 -- Radford, Notts.

The 1861 census reveals that Willam Richards was living with his four sons in St. Peters Street, Radford, Nottinghamshire which was in the Registration district and parish of Radford.  Census Ref: RG09, Piece 2449. Folio 97, page 4.

His wife Sarah had died and his daughter Hannah Richards was not living with her father and brothers.  Had she married, died or was she living elsewhere?

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupation Place of birth.
Richards, William Head Widower M 48 1813 Coal Miner Radford, Notts.
Richards, George Son Unmarr. M 19 1842 Coal Miner Radford, Notts.
Richards, Amos Son Unmarr. M 16 1845 Coal Miner Radford, Notts.
Richards, William Son -- M 13 1848 Coal Miner Radford, Notts.
Richards, Edwin Son -- M 10 1851 Coal Miner Radford, Notts.
Tragedy struck William Richards around 1866 when he went blind from cataracts, hence I have nick named him 'Blind Bil'l.  He then became unemployed.

The 1871 Census for Radford reveals William living with his three unmarried sons Amos 23 years a Coal Yard Labourer, William a Gas Works Labourer and Edwin aged 19 years also a Gas Works Labourer.  The family were living in St. Peter Stret, Radford, Nottingham and were number 22 on the census schedule.  This address was in the Registration district of Radford, in the sub district and parish of Radford.
Census Ref: RG10. Piece 3502. Folio 107. Page 4.

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards, William Head Widower M 62 1809 Coal Miner unemployed Cossall, Notts.
Blind for 5 years from cataracts
Richards, Amos Son Unmarr. M 23 1848 Coal Yard Labourer Radford, Notts.
Richards, William Son Unmarr. M 21 1850 Gas Works Labourer Radford, Notts.
Richards, Edwin Son Unmarr. M 19 1852 Gas Works Labourer Radford, Notts.

By 1881 according to the Census information William now 69 years of age was still a widower living with his son Edwin who remained unmarried and was still a labourer.  They lived at number 87, St. Peter Street, Radford, Nottingham.
Census Ref: RG11. Piece 3344. Folio 69. Page 29.  Registration district Nottingham, Sub district and parish of Radford.

Presumably sons William and Amos had married.  Most certainly his son Edwin Richards had married Ann Bailey in 1879 and was living with his wife and first born daughter Gertrude Sarah Richards in Tuns Yard, off Ilkeston Road, Radford.  Thus he was living close to his father and brother.

At present (August 2013), this confuses me.  It records Edwin Richards, though initially the entry had been transcribed as "Edward".  At the date of this 1881 census, Edwin Richards was married and living nearby.(see next paragraph).  A mystery to solve.  Had he mistakenly told the Enumerator Edwin whereas it was his son Amos living with him?

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards, William Head Widower M 69 1812 Coal Miner Radford, Notts.
Richards, Edwin Son Unmarr. M 32 1849 Genaral Labourer "Do" Radford, Notts.

The 1881 census reveals that Edwin Richards, son of William Richards and Sarah formerly Ryals were living in Tuns Yard off Ilkeston Road, Radford, Nottingham.  This address was in the Regn. district of Nottingham, Civil parish of Radford. 1881 Census Ref: RG11. Piece 3334. Folio 56. Page 4.

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards, Edwin Head Marr. M 29 1852 Gas Stoker (serv) Radford, Notts.
Richards, Ann Wife Marr. F 28 1853 -- Lenton, Notts.
Richards, Gertrude Sarah Dau. S F 1 1880 -- Radford, Notts.

William Richards died in 1885 at the age of 73 years and was buried in the Churchyard of St. Peters Parish Church, Old Radford on the 14 July 1885.  His abode at the time was given as St. Peters Street. Old Radford.

The 1891 census reveals that Edwin Richards, son of William Richards and Sarah formerly Ryals were living at number 3, Pine Street, Radford, Nottingham.  This address was in the Regn. district of Nottingham, sub district of Nottingham South West.
1891 Census Ref: RG12. Piece 2687. Folio 68. Page 21.

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards, Edwin Head Marr. M 38 1853 Labourer Gas Works Radford, Notts.
Richards, Ann Wife Marr. F 38 1853 -- Lenton, Notts.
Richards, Gertrude Dau. S F 12 1879 Scholar Radford, Notts.
Richards, Ellen Dau. S F 10 1881 Scholar Radford, Notts.
Richards, Eliza A. Dau. S F 7 1884 Scholar Radford, Notts.
Richards, Ethel Dau. S F 4 1887 Scholar Radford, Notts.
Richards, Ernest Son S M 1 1890 -- Radford, Notts.
Bailey, Carl Lodger S M 20 1871 Carter Lenton, Notts.
Let us see if we can locate both Amos Richards and William Richards, both brothers of Edwin Richards on this 1891 census.  We are in luck, we discover both of them.  William Richards was stated to be a single man, aged 43 years born circa 1848, a Gas Stoker born at Radford, Nottinghamshire.  He was living at number 7, Hollands Place, Radford, Notts. which was in the Nottingham Regn. district in the parish of Radford, Ecclesiastical district of St. Peters.
Census Ref: RG12 Piece 2687, folio 70, page 26.

He (William Richards born circa 1848) was living alone and across the road from his brother Amos and his family at number 10, Hollands Place, Radford.  The Regn. district etc. is identical to that of his brother as is the census reference.  This is what the Enumerator recorded:

Name Relation Condition Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards,Amos Head Marr. Sex M 1845 Gas Labourer Radford, Nottinghamshire.
Richards, Eliza Wife Marr. F 26 1865 Occupn. Ilkeston, Derbyshire.
Richards, Willy Son -- M 6 1885 Scholar Radford, Nottinghamshire.
Richards, Annie Dau. -- F 4 1887 Scholar Radford, Nottinghamshire.
Richards,Eliza Dau. -- F 1 (13M) 1890 Occupn. Radford, Nottinghamshire.

1898.  There was bad news in the Richards family when Amos Richards died.  As at August 2013, we have not seen his death certificate so we do not know the details of his death except for the GRO Ref: 1898. 2nd. Qtr. Regn. district Basford. Vol. 7B. Page 106.  However we do know that he left a wife Eliza and at least 3 children possibly five.  They were a poor family!

The 1901 census reveals that Eliza Richards, widow of Amos Richards the son of William Richards and Sarah formerly Ryals was an inmate in the Beech Avenue Workhouse, Beech Avenue, Nottingham..  This address was in the Regn. district of Nottingham, sub district of Bulwell, in the Ecclesiatical district of New Basford St, Augustines.
1901 Census Ref: RG13. Piece 3191. Folio 138. Page 26.

Name Relation Condition Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards, Eliza Inmate Widow F 36 1865 Cotton Doubler Ilkeston, Derbys.
Where are her children?

The children of Eliza Richards and her late husband Amos Richards were not with her in the Beech House workhouse at New Basford.  Instead we find them in the Nottingham Training Institute for Pauper children, Hartley Road, Nottingham in connection with the parish of Nottingham.  This address was in the Ecclesiastical parish of St. Peters Radford.  This was a Mission School.  We find Annie Richards, aged 13 years described as a General Domestic worker at home.  Two sisters (?) Sarah aged 8 years and Beatrice aged 5, were described as scholars.  The record states there were 113 male persons and 90 female persons plus 3 male officers, 5 female officers and 2 Officers families.  Could one or all these three children be daughters of the late Amos Richards and his widow Eliza Richards?
Census Ref: RG13, Piece 3186, Folio 197, page 7.

We do not know where their (Amos and Eliza) daughter Eliza was living, she would be aged 10 years if she was still alive.  Could she be living with he maternal grandparents at 45 Carr Street, Ilkeston, Derbyshire?  Certainly, there was an Eliza W. Richards, aged 13 years, a grandaughter born Ilkeston living with them.  Also a 11 week old grandaughter Martha Richards born Ilkeston living in the same household.
Census Ref : RG13, Piece 3150, Folio 141, page 40.

The 1901 census reveals that Edwin Richards, son of William Richards and Sarah formerly Ryals were living at number 3, Pine Street, Old Radford, Nottingham.  This address was in the Regn. district of Nottingham, sub district of Nottingham North West.
1901 Census Ref: RG13. Piece 3182. Folio 192. Page 19.

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards, Edwin Head Marr. M 49 1852 General Labourer Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Ann Wife Marr. F 48 1853 -- Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Gertrude S. Dau. S F 21 1880 Lace Hand Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Ellen Dau. S F 1 1882 Cotton Doubler Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Eliza A. Dau. S F 17 1884 Flour Packer Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Ethel Dau. S F 15 1886 Flour Packer Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Ernest Son S M 12 1889 -- Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, William Son S M 9 1892 -- Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Harold Son S M 6 1895 -- Nottingham, Notts.
Richards, Leonard Son S M 2 1899 -- Nottingham, Notts.

The 1911 census reveals that Edwin Richards, son of William Richards and Sarah formerly Ryals was living at number 30, Pine Street, Radford, Nottingham.  This address was in the Regn. district of Nottingham, sub district of Nottingham North West.
1911 Census Ref: RG14. Piece 20629. RG78. PN 1231.

Name Status M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Richards, Edwin Head Marr. M 59 1852 Labourer General Radford, Nottm.
Richards, Ann Wife Marr. F 58 1853 Lace Hand Lenton, Nottm.
Richards, Gertrude Dau. S F 30 1881 Lace Hand Radford, Nottm.
Richards, Nellie Dau. S F 28 1883 Lace Hand Radford, Nottm.
Richards, Eliza Dau. S F 26 1885 Flour Packer Radford, Nottm.
Richards, Ethel Dau. Marr. F 24 1887 -- Radford, Nottm..
Richards, Ernest Son S M 21 1890 Firelighter Maker Radford, Nottm.
Richards, William Son S M 18 1893 Card Puncher Radford, Nottm.
Richards, Harold Son S M 16 1895 Cycle Wheel Truer Radford, Nottm.
Richards, Gladys S. Dau. -. F 2 1909 -- Radford, Nottm..
Richards, Leonard Son S M 7 1904 -- Radford, Nottm.
I have searched the GRO death records for Edwin Richards and have found one that appears to be him, but I have not yet obtained this death certificate, hence it is conjecture as at 23 August 2013.  However I am reasonably satisfied it is correct.
GRO Ref: 1918. 4TH.Qtr. Nottingham Regn. District. Aged 66 years. Vol. 7B. Page 969.

Again by searching the GRO death records, we discover two possible deaths for Ann Richards wife of the late Edwin Richards.  Both are worthy ofchecking.  (1) Ann Richards. GRO Ref: Nottingham Regn. District 1941 1st. Qtr. aged 87 years. Vol. 7B. Page 431.  I would expect her to have been 89 years.  (2) Ann Richards. GRO Ref: Bingham Regn. district, Notts. 1933. 3rd. Qtr. Aged 82 years. Vol. 7B Page 442.  The first one in the most likely but there are two more possibles recorded as Annie Richards, both Nottinghaam Regn. district (3) 1927 3rd. Qtr.aged 72 years, Vol. 7B. page 298 and (4) 1922 4th. Qtr. aged 70 years. Vol. 7B. PAGE 349.

for future research BEATRICE RICHARDS - 1911 - RG14, Picee 3532, folio surrey

Ethel Richards who married John Yorke on the 26. 09. 1910.   He at that time was living at Salisbury Street. Nottingham?.  However the GRO index is : Vol. 7B. Page 577. Ist. qtr. 1910. Regn. District of Nottingham.

Regarding the children of Edwin and Ann Richards:

1. Gertrude born 1881 - I know nothing about.
2. Ellen Richards 1882- did not marry and was living with brother William Richards, last known about in 1956/7 still living with brother.
3. Eliza Richards- I know about and knew children (my cousins) as far as I know did not have a Brian.
4. Ethel Richards 1886- my grandma and obviously had my dad Francis and I know all the children of his siblings, no Brian.
5. Ernest Richards- b 1890- I know nothing about.
6. Harold Richards 1894 - I know his children and no Brian.
7. William |Richards - I have already mentioned.
8. Leonard Richards - I know nothing about.
9 Nellie Richards - had Illegitimate dau Doris 1922 who then had an Illegitimate son Leslie- no children called Brian.

William Richards (1812 to 1885)

(Blind Bill)

and his family


Email: ronstan@richardsbygonetimes.co.uk

Home Page: http://www.richardsbygonetimes.co.uk/

Created 26 June 2013
Last updated: 2 September 2013