This is the continuing story of Edward Richards, eldest son of William Richards and his wife Sarah formerly Merriman. He was a brother of Mathew Richards born 1808 who is my direct ancestor as are of course their aforementioned parents.
He has now left the army and has returned to Old Radford, Nottingham.
The following details of his family have been gleaned from the Parish records of St. Peters Parish Church, Old Radford.
The following children have been traced to Edward Richards and his wife Mary formerly Cooper.
|Name of child||Date of baptism||Date of death|
|Mary Ann Richards||06. 05. 1821.||23 01. 1822.|
|At each baptism the father's occupation is given
as a gardener. The boy Alfred (Cooper) has to be
A careful study of the Census Returns for the years 1841, 1851 and 1861 reveals more evidence.
1841. Census. Ilkeston
|Name||Position in Household||Age||Occupation||Born in Notts.|
|Edward Richards||Head||50 years||Gardener.||Y.|
|Mary Richards.||Wife.||50 years||None stated||Y.|
|Edward Richards||Son.||20 years.||Gardener.||Y.|
|Matilda Richards||Dau.||10 years||None stated||Y.|
|Samuel Richards||Son||10 years||None stated||Y.|
|Isabella Richards||Dau.||8 years||None stated||Y.|
|Louisa Richards||Dau.||5 years||None stated||Y.|
|Charlotte Cooper||???||25 years||None stated||Y.|
|Alfred (Cooper )||??||3 years||None stated||Y.|
This data reveals several new pieces of evidence :
Charlotte Cooper arrives on the scene. She may be an unmarried daughter from a previous marriage of Mary Richards nee Cooper. The young boy Alfred Cooper is most probably her child, hence the need to look in the registers again for his baptism. He is a Cooper not a Richards, as the 1851 Census portrays! Mary Cooper was a Widow when she married Edward.
Ages on the 1841 Census have either been rounded up or down to the nearest five years. Children's ages are mostly given correctly. Matilda Richards should be fourteen years old. The letter "Y" denotes everyone born in Notts., whilst the letter "N" denotes born outside the county.
On the 1841 Census no mention is made of the relationship to the Head of the Household, hence I have granted myself jounalistic licence and have recorded these details from information obtained from elsewhere.
Ilkeston Road, Radford.
|Name||Position in Household||Age||Occupation||Born in Notts.|
|Edward Richards||Head||62 years||Gardener.||Greasley, Notts.|
|Mary Richards.||Wife.||58 years||None stated||Radford.|
|Samuel Richards||Son.||20 years.||Gardener.||Radford, Notts.|
|Isabella Richards||Dau.||17 years||None stated||Radford.|
|Louisa Richards||Dau.||16 years||None stated||Radford.|
|Alfred Richards||Son||13 years||None stated||Radford.|
|These two Census Returns for 1841 and
1851 have confirmed positively that I now have four
additional surviving ancestors for the family tree, namely Edward
Jnr., Samuel, Isabella and Louisa Richards
Unfortunately three children have died namely Mary Ann, William and George, a fact corroborated by their absence from these two Census Returns and their respective burial records in the St. Peters Parish Church registers.
There is another child namely Caroline Richards baptised on the 6 December 1835 who was buried on the 12 April 1836 aged 9 months, both events being at St. Peters Parish Church, Radford. The parents of this baby are recorded as being Edward Richards, a Gardener and his wife Mary. Consequently baby Caroline becomes yet another member of the family.
1851. 19 December.
Nottingham Review, page 5.
All that Public House situate at Radford in the County of Nottingham called The White Horse Inn with the Stables, Brewhouse, Outbuildings, Yard and Small Garden thereto belonging now in tenure to William Smith and as the same are now fenced off and separated from land at the back, belonging to the Nottingham Gas Light and Coke Company not intended to be sold.
Also all those Four Dwelling Houses adjoining the above as the same are respectively occupied by William Stones, Robert Holdgate, James Jamson and Thos. Machin.
For further particulars, applications may be made to Mr. Hawkesley, Civil Engineer, Nottm., to the Auctioneers; to Mr.Johnson at the Radford Gas Works or at the offices of the Gas Light and Coke Company Nottingham.
There is some correspondence relating to this sale of The
White Horse Inn at the County Record Office, Nottingham :
Nottm. R.O. Ref. DDWR 20 / 110. The following is a
Sent by J.P.Sanders dated 24 January 1852 to a Mr
Nottm. R.O. Ref. DDWR 20 / 111.
Nottm. R.O. Ref. DDWR 20 / 134. Dated 8 April
Nottm. R.O. Ref. DDWR 20 / 137. Letter page 3.
What is suprising is that Edward Richards at the age of sixty one years with an Army Pension of ninepence per week was able to afford to buy The White Horse Inn and Four Cottages for £905. Where did he get his money from? Did he have a windfall? There is evidence that he was a gardener and most likely he was a self employed market gardener so he would be self sufficient one would assume. There is evidence in the Rate Books over several years that he owned his property so perhaps he was able to raise the money by selling property that he owned in Hollands Close in 1851. One wonders how much he got for that sale?
1851 to 1856.
The present building has the date inscribed 1812. It is doubtful if the building is the original but perhaps the core of it dates back to the days of Edward Richards. At the present time there are four houses adjoining the White Horse Inn.
Perhaps they were the ones that Edward Richards bought. On the left hand side of the first house there is a name plate which says "White Horse Yard".
Please refer to the rough sketch in the document file.
Why did he pay £200 more than the property was worth? Obviously he was very keen to get it for some reason. Could it have been the Garden that was attractive to him? One can imagine Christmas Day drinks at the bar of the White Horse Inn! Did he get drunk in celebration?
The new Squire of Radford - Sir Edward ! (my imagination!). Soon to become a Chelsea Pensioner! One can see him now in his Red Coat with his Peninsular Medal shining, having a drink at the bar - what a colourful character he is turning out to be!
The occupants of the Four tenements at the time of purchase by Edward Richards were Wm. Stones, Robert Oldgate, John Jamson and Thomas Machin. The man Stones may have been the same man who in 1825/26 was using the Cottage Land in Scrap Hill, that Edward Richards purchased in 1825/26.
1851. The White Horse Inn was managed by William Smith the Licensee.
August. Royal Artillery Pensions 1814 to 1857 (1 to
6 Battn.). Kew Ref. WO.120 / 67
This is proof that Edward Richards was admitted to an Army pension and that his date of discharge date from the army is confirmed. The additional piece of evidence is that he was wounded at the Battle of Vittoria.
1861. Census. Ilkeston
|Name||Position||Marital status||Age||Occupation||Born in Notts.|
|Edward Richards||Head||Widower||71 years||Gardener /
|Samuel Richards.||Son||Unm.||30 years||Gardener||Radford.|
|Edward Richards is still living at
Ilkeston Road, Radford but is now a widower. His
unmarried son Samuel is living with him and they both seem to
be working together as gardeners.
However this 1861 Census gives us a bonus piece of evidence in so far as it reveals that Edward Richards is a Chelsea Pensioner.
Obviously he has been a soldier and has been awarded a pension, which must be an "Out Pension" because he was living in Radford and had done so all his life except for the time when he was away in the army and a short time after his birth in Greasley.
Extract of Edward Richards "Will".
Consequently the "Will" of Edward Richards has proved to be a good discovery containing some valuable evidence. He died in Radford on the 28 August 1866 and his burial was at Christchurch, New Radford on the 30 August 1866, aged 77 years. This confirms his year of birth as 1789.
His burial service was conducted by W. Milton. At
the time of his burial he lived at Ilkeston Road, New
Radford. The area where he resided was called
Bloomsgrove, a little hamlet between New and Old
His two daughters were both married and it looks as if his son Samuel Richards was still unmarried.
The vital piece of information is, of course, that he leaves £10. to his brother Samuel of Ripley, who is without any doubts Samuel Merriman Richards, of whom there is other evidence available to prove that he was in fact residing at Ripley and was still alive.
This "Will" of Edward Richards the Chelsea Pensioner has joined the Greasley and Radford connection together yet again. Edward Richards was born in Greasley whilst his brother Samuel Merriman Richards was born in Radford.
Edward Richards makes no mention of his wife in his "Will" which surely confirms that he was a widower, albeit no status is recorded in the said document. However there is documentary evidence from the Radford Parish registers to prove that his wife was in fact dead.
His wife Mary Richards died in 1859 and was buried in the Churchyard at St. Peter's Parish Church on the 5 November 1859 aged 67 years.
No mention is made in the said "Will" of his son Edward Richards, so presumably he had either died or they have had a fall out.
In the 1844 Trade Directory for Nuthall, there is documentary evidence of an Edward Richards a self employed Gardener. Most certainly this is the son of the Chelsea Pensioner. Edward Junior was a Gardener living with his father in Radford in 1841 but is not at home on the 1851 Census and in fact is not on the Census anywhere in Notts. This factor coupled with him not being mentioned in his father's "Will" leads to the conclusion that he is dead. To date his death has not been noted.
Edward Richards...... a Chelsea Pensioner, which is a superb clue found on the 1861 Census for Radford. This clue takes us back on the line to around 1808.
This is the year (1808) when William Richards, the father of Edward Richards died. (buried 27 May 1808). Also it is the year Edward Richards became Eighteen years of age. There is evidence in the Army Records that at this time Edward Richards was a soldier in the Royal Regiment of Artillery and has been so serving his country for about five years.
1866 / 1867.
1866. Kelly's Trade
Edward Richards - Chelsea Pensioner -
We Salute You.!
Edward Richards (1790 to 1866)
Created 2 December 2003
Last updated: 18 March 2012