Hill Top House Farm

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1841.Census  Palterton, Derbyshire.
The census reveals that Thomas Rolling, a farmer lived with his wife and family.  He had 4 servants.  It does not state which property he occupied but I believe it was Palterton Hall and the farm.
The former Hill Top House Farm after closure, during renovation 2004.
1842/43.The Electoral RollPalterton, Derbyshire.
This document reveals that Thomas Lowndes of 2 Harcourt Buildings, Temple, London qualified as an elector because he owned Freehold Land in Palterton that was occupied by Thomas Rolling.
Thomas Rolling also qualified as an elector by residing in Palterton and occupying land valued at 50 and upwards.
I believe Thomas Rolling owned both Palterton Hall and farm as well as Hill Top House, although the Roll does not corroborate my belief.

1844/45.The Electoral RollPalterton, Derbyshire.
Christopher Jowett appears on the Electoral Roll in Palterton for the first time.  It records that he qualifies because he resides in Palterton and occupies property to the rental value of 50.  I believe he had taken residence at Hill Top House as a tenant farmer and that he probably moved into the village in 1844.
Christopher Jowett appears on the Electoral Roll in Palterton each year to at least 1881, the last year that I researched.

1847/48.The Electoral RollPalterton, Derbyshire.
Christopher Jowett appears on the Electoral Roll in Palterton, but his qualification has changed from 50 rental to 'Land as occupier'.
1849/50.Tithe Award  Palterton, Derbyshire.
The Tithe Award reveals that Thomas Lowndes, Esq. owned several properties and Thomas Rolling occupied most of them.  Hill Top House is number 162 on the Award plan and is described as a Yard, garden, House & Outbuildings.  Close by in a southerly direction is number 93, described as a Croft, Barn, Stable, Waggon House & yard.  It was a Grass croft.

This Tithe Award clearly states that Thomas Lowndes, Esq. owned this property and Thomas Rolling occupied it.

It also states that Thomas Lowndes, Esq. owned number 173 and Thomas Rolling occupied it.  It is described as a House, Outbuildings, garden & grounds.  This property (173) relates to Hall Farm so clearly Thomas Lowndes, Esq. owned both houses and Thomas Rolling occupied them.

1851.Census dated 7 April  Palterton, Derbyshire.
The census reveals that Christopher Jowett was absent in Nottinghamshire on the night of the census.  Although the Enumerator did not record this entry as Hill Top House I believe this to be the case from the route he took around the village.  The census document does not state the acreage of the farm, nor Jowett's age though from a later census, we discover Jowett was born in Nottinghamshire.

It is not 100% certain that Christopher Jowett was occupying Hill Top House but I am reasonably certain that he was and I believe that Christopher Jowett was a tenant and Thomas Lowndes, Esq. still owned the property.  The Warner family occupied nearby Elm Tree Farm, so by a process of elimination I arrive at my conclusion re Christopher Jowett.

The census entry reveals 5 servants namely: Mary Pearson, an unmarried housekeeper aged 49 years and born at Fiskerton, Notts.  Martha Hay (query surname), an unmarried 16 year old house servant born at Ripley, Derbys.  Moses Stanley aged 15 years born Norton, Notts.  Herbert Hollis aged 24 years born Orston (?), Notts. and John Hunt aged 16 years born Farnsfield, Notts.  The three latter named were all farm servants.

1861.Census dated ??????  Palterton, Derbyshire.
The census reveals that Christopher Jowett, a farmer of 206 acres was aged 57 years and was born in Notts.  I cannot read the place name.  The name of the farm is not stated but again I am reasonably satisfied it was Hill Top House.

Living at the household were Harriett Holmes, a house keeper aged 28 years, birthplace not readable.  George Rimmington unmarried, aged 27 years, a carter born Bottesford, Leicestershire.  He and his descendants remained in the village and nearby for at least 100 years.  Thomas ?? (surname unreadable) aged 17/19 and John Jackson aged 16 years a ?? Boy.  The birthplace of the latter two youths is unreadable.

1881.The census reveals that John Godber born Williamthorpe, aged 23 years, a farmer of 206 acres, was living with his brothers and sisters together with 3 servants and 1 labourer in Palterton.  His father William Godber had (prior to 1874) handed over the farm to him and he had taken over occupation of Palterton Hall and farm.  His parents William and Amy Godber moved to Manor Farm, Cossall where their youngest son Isaac Godber was born in 1874.  This farm was not satisfactory, so they moved back to Palterton, this time to Hill Top House farm.
1881. Kelly's Trade Directory records William Godber, a farmer in the village.  This was at Hill Top House farm.
1880's. William and Amy Godber were considered to be well off but suffered in the 1880's when a local bank in which they had deposited money went bust.  However they survived this crisis without having to sell their home, which at that time was Hill Top House farm.
1900. Palterton, Derbyshire.
William Godber died at Palterton.
Amy Godber was a woman to be ceaselessly employed herself, and to see that all about her did the like.  Butter, cheese, poultry, geese for Nottingham market, knitting and sewing (the cotton patchwork bedspeads were her work).  Now William Godber was dead; and Amy was living, old but indomitable, with her ninth and tenth children, George and Elizabeth 'Lizzie', at Hill Top House farm, Palterton.  She was a taskmaster to the end.  Lizzie was sometimes so tired that, when looking up eggs, she would fall asleep by the hedge rather than go home to be set another task.
1901. Palterton, Derbyshire.
Sometime prior to 1901 George Godber moved with his widowed mother and sister to Hill Top House where he remained until his retirement from farming.  He was always a tenant farmer at Hill Top House, the owner being Earl Bathurst.

If my information gleaned from the Tithe Award c.1849/50 is correct, then the Lowndes family sold Hill Top House to Earl Bathurst.

He is reputed to have been a strict disciplinarian and hard task master.  A little anecdote alleges on one occasion he went with another farmer Cornelius Hufton Turner to a hiring fair seeking a female servant.  She failed to take off her gloves - he wanted to see her hands to see if she was a worker - so she was not employed!

George Godber married his housekeeper "Lizzie" Wholey.  She was the sister of John Thomas Wholey who was to be the next occupier of Hill Top House.  They had three girls namely Amy born 6 June 1916,  Dorothy born 26 September 1918 and Phyllis born 13 June 1922.  All three girls attended the village school in Palterton.  Both he and his wife were reputed to be careful with their money which has never been a bad practice.

A 1920s image of Amy, Dorothy and Phyllis Godber.
1901. census Palterton, Derbyshire.
The census reveals that George Godber a farmer aged 31 years, a single man who was born at Scarcliffe was living at Hill Top House.  His widowed mother Amy Godber aged 68 years, living on her own means, born at Ashover lived with him, as did his sister Elizabeth Godber aged 29 years, a single woman, living on her own means, born at Scarcliffe. (Ref: RG13/3133).

Although the place of birth is stated to be Scarcliffe, I wonder if in fact it was Palterton.

At that time there was a John Godber living and farming at Palterton Hall Farm.  He was the older brother of George Godber.

1912. Hill Top House Farm Palterton, Derbyshire.
Amy Godber, widow of the late William Godber died and was buried in the churchyard at Scarcliffe Parish Church.
1928. Palterton, Derbyshire.
George Godber retired and left Hill Top House.  He moved with his family to Alexander Avenue, (the first house) High Oakham Hill, Mansfield.  At that time he had 3 young daughters.  That house was to be the family home for many years.  The late Mrs Ruth Audis died aged 98 years (Sept. 2010) of Palterton recalled that she was their 'live in' house servant for a couple of years when they first went to Mansfield.  She got to know the family well as did her aunties in earlier times at Hill Top House.

Below are two reports from the Derbyshire Times newspaper relating to the sale of his possessions.

An image of George Godber and his wife Elizabeth 'Lizzie' nee Wholey.
1928. Palterton, Derbyshire.
John Thomas Wholey and his family moved into Hill Top House.  He was accompanied by his wife who was nee Clayton and their children Mary, Dorothy, Arthur Robert and William.

John Thomas Wholey was a tenant, the owner was still Earl Bathurst.  I believe they moved in on the 25 March 1928, because the youngest daughter Mary Wholey started the village school on the 2 April 1928.  The previous occupier George Godber had retired from farming.

Arthur Robert Wholey was married to Violet Edna Louisa ??? (known as Edna) from Mansfield and they had one son Roy at that time.  The latter named boy Roy was born on the 9 September 1929.  Subsequently on the 22 June 1932, another son was born to this couple, whom they named Arthur Robert Wholey after his father.  He was always known as "Bob".  Dorothy Wholey, the daughter referred to herein subsequently married an American soldier whom I believed had been based at nearby Hardwick Hall Park.  They moved to live in America.  Several years ago, I exchanged a letter with her.

An image of Mr. William Wholey, father of John Thomas Wholey and Elizabeth 'Lizzie' Wholey. Also grandfather to Mary, Dorothy, Arthur and William Wholey as well as Amy, Dorothy and Phyllis Godber.

1961. Scarcliffe, Derbyshire.
George Godber died on the 2 February 1961 aged 91 years, probably at Mansfield and was buried in the (new secion) churchyard at Scarcliffe Parish Church.
Hannah Elizabeth Godber, his wife died 24 March 1965 aged 81 years.
1979. 4 July.  Palterton, Derbyshire.
Arthur Robert Wholey died 4 July 1979 aged 73 years and was buried in the (new secion) churchyard at Scarcliffe Parish Church.
1992. 5 February.  Palterton, Derbyshire.
Violet Edna Louisa Wholey died 5 February 1992 aged 86 years and was buried in the same grave as her late husband in the (new secion) churchyard at Scarcliffe Parish Church.
1993. Palterton, Derbyshire.
The property was sold.  I have made up the year for the present, because I do not know it, nor do I know when or if the land was sold at the same time.  I have not yet researched the will of Arthur Robert Wholey who inherited the farm from his father.
Farm Sale at Palterton Messrs. Chouler & Parker, Nottingham and Mansfield, held on Tuesday, 6th. March 1928 a successful auction sale of the live and dead farming stock for Mr. George Godber, of Hill Top Farm, Palterton, the well-known agriculturalist and shire horse breeder.

There was a very good attendance and the bidding was brisk from beginning to end.  The harness and farm implements were mostly in good condition.  Sets of heavy harness made up to 2.10s.0d. and 2.12.6d. each;  a stack elevator up to 14.10s.0d.  a Yates' turnip drill up to 14, this amount being also realised on a horse rake.
A binder made up to 40 and amongst the heavy carts, a dray made 34.

Mr. Godber has long been known for the excellence of his sheep, but those on show at the sale excelled the purchasers' expectations.

A pen of 5 fat hoggs realised 103s. each;  two other pens of 5 fat hoggs making up to 93s. each.  A high average was maintained through.  Amongst the cattle, two in-calf heifers made up to 26.10s.0d. each, whilst two store bullocks realised up to 15. each.  There was a very good attendance for the fat cattle, many butchers taking advantage of this sale on account of the recent restrictions of fat stock markets.  The fat beast were of exceptional quality, heifers realising 27., 26.15s. and 24.  The top price for bullocks was 35.10s.0d., other prices being 34.10s.0d., 31.10s.0d.  Amongst the pigs, a sow made 11.5s.0d. and in-pig gilts up to 9.15s.0d.

Mr. Godber, is well known in the district for his horses.  These received everybody's attention.  The top price was realised on the bay gelding "Turpin" at 50 guineas, whilst another dark brown gelding, "Captain" realised 38 guineas.  The chestnut gelding "Farmer" was knocked down at 3l guineas.

Amongst the 300 head of poultry, in which were included several head of pedigree birds, the prices ranged for the pure-bred birds from 5/6d to 8/6d. per head, and amongst the other birds an average of 7/-d a couple was maintained.  (Derbyshire Times dated 10th March 1928).

Hill Top Farm
Messrs. Chouler & Parker, favoured with instructions from Mr. George Godber (who is leaving), will sell by Auction on Wednesday, March 21st 1928 at l o'clock.

The whole of the surplus Household furniture and Effects, as follows:-
Large quantity of Kitchen Utensils, Brown-ware, 2 Fire Screens, Fireguard, Coal Box, 2 Steel-rail Fenders, 3 sets Fire Steels.  Steel top Fender, large Brass Pan, two compartment Flour Bin, Mangle, Rubber ditto, large Clothes Horse, Oak Wash Tub, Linen Press with two drawers, 2 sets of Steps, large Iron Pan, Cocoa Matting, two pairs Repp Curtains, Door Mats, large Folding Chair, Child's Wicker Chair, Wicker Cradle, 6 Windsor Chairs, large Kitchen Table with three drawers;  Oak Harness Cupboard, Iron Safe, Knife cleaner, Knife Box, l dozen Table Knives, 4 bottle Cruet, E.P. ware, Coffee Grinder, Brass Hanging Lamp, 3 reading Lamps, Pair Bronze Figures, Oak Plant Stand, Plant and Bowl, old Oak Spill Case, Whatnot, Mahogany Card Table, Mahogany Couch in hair, massive Mahogany Oval Table, Dinner Service, Piano in walnut by Burling and Burling, London.  Piano stool, Wilton Carpet Square (4ft x 4ft 6ins), Axminster Rug, Wool Rug, Mahogany Armchair in leather, Mahogany Sofa in red plush, 12 Brass Stair Rods, Landing Carpet, quantity Pictures, Tapestry Carpet, 2 Painted Wardrobes, 2 Towel Rails, Mahogany Bedstead, Wood Bedstead, Painted chest of Drawers, 2 Feather Beds, Bolsters and Pillows, 6 Cane-seat chairs, Wool Mats, 2 painted Washstands and Dressing tables, Stained Dressing Table and Washstand.
Dairy Utensils
Butter Worker, Butter Boards, Bowl and Scales, Barrel Churn, Alfa Laval separator, two l gallon Milk Tins, 4 Milk buckets, 4 Milk Pancheons.  (Extracted from the Derbyshire Times dated 17th March 1928).

This farm is currently being renovated.

Hill Top House Farm

Email: ronald.richards3@ntlworld.com

Home Page: http://www.richardsbygonetimes.co.uk/

Created 2 December 2001
Last updated: 24 February 2016