Armstrongs Farm

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I have named this farm Armstrongs Farm but it never had a farm name.  It was located in Scotland Yard, Palterton, a location that appears to have originated from the Armstrong name being associated with Scotland.  However, this is pure conjecture on my part.

1841Scarcliff(e) Survey Valuation and Rate.  This document is a record of the Owners, Occupiers, Description & Situation, Quantity (acreage), Annual value, Annual value assessed and Assessment @ 5d. in the .

There is no mention of an Armstrong either owning or occupying property or land in Palterton but a William Armstrong had land (33 acres) in Scarcliffe and Joseph Armstrong occupied Scarcliffe Lanes Farm (205 acres) owned by Earl Bathurst.

184230 August.  Allotted for sale by Auction the west part of the Scarcliff(e) & Palterton Earl Bathurst Estate.

The Plan of the Estate being offered for sale in Lots was lithographed and printed by R.Moody, 14 Cannon Street, Birmingham.  There is a copy of this Plan in the County Record Office, Gloucester.

A section of the Sale Plan - Plot 39 (283) shows the Scotland Yard area.

The abbrieviation "Arm" and the name Armstrong appears on the Plan in many locations.  This information is conclusive proof that an Armstrong occupied and rented a large part of this Estate in Palterton.  I belive that person was John Armstrong and his wife Mary.

I do not believe he owned any land in Palterton prior to the above sale but purchased a house and some land at the sale and continued to rent land as before.  The 1861 census reveals he farmed 607 acres and this would be about the same as he farmed in 1841 at sale time.

1847.  The Electoral Rolls reveal that John Armstrong qualified as an elector by occupying Land in Palterton.  No mention of a House.

More research is required to discover when he first appears on the Electoral Rolls.  He appears on these Rolls every year until at least 1861.  More research is required to see when he disappears from the Rolls.

1850.  The Palterton Tythe Map Award 1850 reveals that John Armstrong was an owner occupier of property and land in Palterton.

He owned and occupied a House, buildings, croft numbered 176 on the plan and 175 Upper Yard, 176a Croft.

This property stretched from Main Street, Scotland Yard (now Penine View), Ten Row, across Back Lane east up (via the land now the recreation ground) to Flash Lane, that being the main road to Bolsover.

Also, he owned and occupied land shown as numbers 125 Common Carr - this was located by the north side of Carr Lane close to the River Dawley (Doe Lea), 141 Ash Tree Close also by the north side of Carr Lane before Carr Farm.  210, 211 and 212 North Field located by the east side of Northfield Lane.  217 Flash Close east of Flash Lane which is now the main road from Palterton to Bolsover.  (Flash means pool).

1851.  The census reveals John Armstrong, aged 46 years, a farmer of 360 acres occupied this property with his wife and family.  He had 15 outside servants and 4 indoor servants and one House servant.  Clearly, this was a large farm and labour intensive!

James Bullock aged 26 years, an Ag.Lab. occupied a property at the location subject of this chapter and one property was uninhabited.

Please note that in the following 1851 census information, the transcription has been recorded as "Jewas" Nicholson.  This is a poor translation and it should be transcribed as" Gervis" (or maybe the Enumerator recorded "Jervas").  This man was born on the 23rd. November 1834 at Warsop, Notts. and later married Sarah Witham on the 11 March 1855 at Skegby St. Andrew Church. (GRO ref. 7B. 74C.)  Also, on the original census entry, it clearly states he was born at Warsop, Nottts. but this information has not been transcribed.  Likewise the same applies to another resident on this census entry namely George Hallam.  He too was born at Warsop and is clearly stated by the Enumerator, but it has not been transcibed.

Name Relation M/S Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Armstrong John Head Marr. M 44 c.1807 Farmer 360 acres, Employs
4 indoor & 15 oudoor labs.
Bolsover, Derbys.
Armstrong Mary Wife Marr. F 46 c.1805 Farmers wife Mansfield Woodhouse
Brown Henry Servant Unmarr. M 22 c.1829 Farm servant Southwell, Notts.
Nicholson Jewas Servant Unmarr. M 17 c.1834 Farm servant Warsop, Notts.
Made Charles Servant Unmarr. M 15 c.1836 Farm servant Southwell, Notts.
Hallam George Servant Unmarr. M 14 c.1837 Farm servant Warsop, Notts.
Cobstakes Mary Servant Unmarr. F 18. c.1833 House servant Houghton, Derbys.

1861.  The census reveals John Armstrong aged 54 years a Farmer of 607 acres of land.  Dairy farm!  He lives with his wife Mary and a nephew who was Asst. Bailiff and 4 servants.
Note: It clearly records hewas a farmer of 607 acres of Land.  I suspect some of this acreage may have been in an adjoinig village.
Also, the birthplace of an inhabitant in this house, namely William Renshaw, is transcribed as being Hampsfield.  This is incorrectly transcribed.  There is no such place in Nottinghamshire.  The correct transcription is Farnsfield.  The Enumerator actually recorded Farnsfield as the place of birth - he was actually born on the 30 January 1842, mother Hannah Renshaw.

. .
Name Relation M/S Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Armstrong John Head Marr. M 54 c.1807 Farmer 607 acres of land. Bolsover, Derbys.
Armstrong Mary Wife Marr. F 56 c.1805 - - Mansfield Woodhouse
Hallam George Nephew Unmarr. M 24 c.1837 Assistant Bailiff Warsop, Notts.
Taylor Charlotte Servant Unmarr. F 21 c.1840 Dairy Maid Norton, Notts.
Newton Emma Servant Unmarr. F 11 c.1850 Nurse Maid Mansfield, Notts.
Renshaw William Servant Unmarr. M 19 c.1842 Carter Hampsfield, Notts.
Lee Thomas Servant Unmarr. M 15 c.1846 Carter Bolsover, Derbys.

James Bullock aged 40 years, an Ag.Lab. lives in the property with his wife, according to the census.

186231 JanuaryMary Armstrong died at Palterton aged 58 years and was buried on the 4 February in the churchyard as Scarcliffe Parish Church.  She was the wife of John Armstrong.

186713 AugustJohn Armstrong, farmer of Palterton made his Will.

18684 JanuaryJohn Armstrong died at Palterton aged 60 years and was buried on the 9 January in the churchyard at Scarcliffe Parish Church.

186812 June 1868.  My research note lost.

18684 September.  An Auction by Mr. Samuel Denham at the house of Mr. George Limb, the sign of The Swan Hotel situate at Bolsover on Friday, 4 sSeptember at 3 o' Clock in the afternoon, by order of the Will of Mr. John Armstrong, farmer, deceased.

The following valuable Freehold and Copyhold Estates in the following or such other lots as shall be agreed upon at the time.  In the parish of Scarcliffe.

Lot 1.  Lot 1.  Two cottages, gardens and croft situate at Palterton numbers 5 and 6 containing together about 1acre 31perches, now in the several occupations of Robert Smith, John Elliott and the trustees of the late Mr John Armstrong.
(My note: Smith was a 71 year old Ag.Lab.  Elliott was a 31 year old Ag. Lab.)
Lot 1.  Purchased by Mr Robert Drury for 210.

Lot 2.  Messuage or Dwelling House, Outbuildings, Splendid Garden walled all round, Stack Yard and Croft with Cottage, Garden and Croft called "Dobbs Croft" situate in Palterton containing 2acres 2roods numbered 7,8,9 on the plan and adjoining plot 1 now in the occupation of John Bullock and the said Trustees.
Lot 2Mr Robert Armstrong purchased 440.

Lot 3.  A Close of exceedingly rich grass land situate at Palterton, called the
Upper Yard containing about 4acres 1rood 19perches with a good water mere (lake - my word) therein, number 10 on the plan and adjoining the public highway leading from Bolsover to Mansfield and now in the posession of Mr Armstrong's Trustees.
Lot 3.  Purchased by J. Cutts, Esq. for 420.

Lot 4.  Two Closes of valuable grass land situate at Palterton, lying together near the Doe Lea Brook called the Common Carr Fields and containing 9acres 1rood 4perches, numbered 1 and 2 on the plan and now in the posession of Mr Armstrong's Trustees and adjoining the highway leading from Palterton to Chesterfield.
N.B. 35 perches in this lot is a thriving Plantation.
Lot 4.  Purchased by John Brown, Esq. for 700.

Lot 5.  A close of good arable land situate at Palterton called The Ash Tree Close, containing 5acres 2roods 17perches, now in the posession of the Trustees, number 4 on the plan and also adjoining the highway leading from Palterton to Chesterfield.
Lot 5.  Purchased by Jno. Bown, Esq. for 360.

Lot 6.  A Close of arable land situate at Palterton and called Flash Close, containing 3acre 1rood 3perches now in the posession of the Trustees number 12 on the plan and adjoining the highway from Bolsover to Mansfield.
Lot 6.  Purchased by Mr Nesbitt for 315.

Lot 7.  Three closes of arable land situate at Palterton and called the North Fields containing 16acres 1rood 32perches and now in the posession of the Trustees numbered 13,14 and 15 on the plan and bounded on the west by Occupation Road.
Lot 7.  Purchased by Mr Benjamin Armsrong for 1,160.

Lot 8 to 13.  Inclusive were situated in Bolsover and was arable, grass and rich grazing land.  These six lots raised 3,530.

It was stated that the sale was a very good one and proves that land had gone up in value at Bolsover very much recently.

Lot 2.  This was the Scotland Yard plot that had been owned by the late Mr John Armstrong.   It remained in the Armstrong family because it was purchased by Mr Robert Armstrong purchased for 440.

18696 March.  Indenture between Robert Armstrong, farmer of Bolsover and William Godber, farmer of Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe and John Armstrong, deceased .......  mentions Ann Dobb, afterwards James Bullock and now John Bullock.  18 perches .... and all that messuage, cottage or tenement situate at Palterton with outbuildings, garden and appertuances thereto belonging etc.  and also that Croft adjoining to and formerly occupied with the said last mentioned cottage by the said Ann Dobb, containing by recent measurement 2 roods 10 perches or thereabouts and now in occupation of said Robert Armstrong and also that Close, piece or parcel of land recently measured 1 acre 3 roods and 12 perches named Peter Croft13 June 1850.?  Possibly sold for 505.

1869.  Indenture made between Richard Armstrong and William Godber and said Robert Armstrong - 1,560.  One acre 3 roods and 8 perches situated at Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe.

1890.  Wednesday.  17 September 1890.  Sale Catalogue.
On Wednesday, 17 September 1890, a sale by auction was held at the "Cavendish Hotel", Bolsover.  Valuable freehold and Copyhold properties at Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe, Derbyshire were sold.

A plan of Scotland Yard and Ten Row in 1890. The ten 
houses of Ten Row can be seen as can the Manor House 
bottom left and the shop to the right of the gennel. The water pump in the centre of the Yard is clearly marked.

These properties were owned by Robert Armstrong, Esquire of Scarcliffe Lanes near Mansfield.  There were ten lots for sale, seven being in Palterton, the remaining three being in Bolsover.

The first six lots were the properties and land which comprised Ten Row, Scotland Yard and properties on Main Street, which were part of Scotland Yard.

Lot 1.  Comprised the Freehold House and shop, together with Four Cottages and a plot of building land, having a frontage to the Main Street.
The shop was the one on Main Street facing west on the south side of the 'gennel'.  These four cottages were at the south side of Scotland Yard.

The occupants of these properties were stated to be H. Allfree, Miss Thornaley, H. Godfrey, J. Townsend and M. Fenton at rentals amounting to 46..16s..0d. .

Lot 2.  Comprised Five Freehold cottages with garden ground thereto adjoining Lot 1, in the occupations of Mrs Cantrell, H. Frith, W. Shilling, A. Allfree and R. Hays at rentals amounting to 35..2shillings per annum.
The purchaser of Lot 2 was to have right of way through the passage on the east side of Lot 1.  I believe Lot 2 was on the east side of Scotland Yard.

Lot 3.  Comprised Three Freehold Cottages adjoining lot 2, in the occupations of William Hall, William Smith and M. Wright at rentals amounting to 28..12 shillings per annum.
I believe these properties were on the north side of Scotland Yard and were in fact the Manor House divided into three cottages.

Lot 4.  Comprised Four Freehold Cottages adjoining the Main Street, with the necessary conveniences detached therefrom, in the occupations of H. Mellors, J. Pearce, J. Pemberton and Albert Allfree at rentals amounting to 31..4shillings per annum.
These four cottages were on the west side of Scotland Yard facing across the valley towards Sutton Scarsdale.  From these four cottages traveling north was a wall, two cottages, a gennel and four more cottages. Then Spray's house.

Lot 5.  Comprised Ten newly built Freehold Cottages and Gardens in front in the occupations of R. Radford, C. Drabble, W. Barthorpe, W. Griffiths, J. Shimwell, M. Jones, S. Allfree, F. Shaw, E. Griffiths, G. Ward at rentals amounting to 104 per annum.
These Ten Cottages were known as Ten Row.

Lot 6.  Comprised a plot of Freehold Building Land, adjoining Lot 5, having a frontage of about 55 yards to Back Lane containing in the whole 900 square yards.  The purchaser of this Lot 5 was to have a right of road ten feet wide along the whole western side of this lot.
Subsequently, six semi detached houses were built on this plot on Back Lane.

Lot 7.  Comprised Three valuable Freehold Closes of Grass Land near Palterton Carr House, known as Darwoods containing about 6 acres 1 rood 25 perches and numbered 109, 111 and 115 on the Ordnance map of Scarcliffe.

This latter sale marked the end of any farming connections with Scotland Yard, Palterton.  Having said this, I believe that the farm house in Scotland Yard had long since ceased to be a farm house and had been occupied by tenants connected with the Armstrong farming family.

This rare view of one of the houses on the west side of Scotland Yard that were Lot 4 in the sale.

Additional Information re Scotland Yard and the Armstrong family.

1897.  Indenture made between Robert Armstrong of Burnt Leep, Whitwell, Farmer on the one part and Mary Mitchell, wife of Edward Mitchell of Chesterfield, Accountant.

1897.  .... and all those 27 dwelling houses or tenements erected on the said piece or parcel of land occupied by Caleb Jones, John Barker, Thomas Nicholson, A. West and others.

189912 December.  The will of Robert Armstrong appointed dear wife Ellen and son Robert Armstrong.

190024 JuneRobert Armstrong died.

190017 August 1900Robert Armstrong's will proved.

19022 June 1902Mary Mitchell and first part, John James Dickens and Hannah Dickens, his wife of Eyre Street, Chesterfield, Commission agent and second part, and Ellen Armstrong of Worksop, widow and Robert Armstrong of Whaley, farmer, third party.

This document of 2 June 1902 is Mary Mitchell selling to John James Dickens and his wife Hannah Dickens.  The mortgagees were Ellen and Robert Armstrong.

This was Scotland Yard and was 1acre 3 roods and 8 perches in Palterton, bounded by land on the north owned by Charles Spray, sold sometime ago by Robert Armstrong on the south by land owned by Earl Bathurst, on the east by the Back Road and on the west by the main road from Sutton to Palterton Railway Station to Scarcliffe.

Additional update facts: 8 March 2016
Armstrongs house in Scotland Yard also known as the Big house.
The late Aunt Annie Saxton formerly Richards recalls it was formerly a farm house and was converted into three dwellings.  The Richards family rented and lived in the end house in the west part of the building.  (the end nearest to Main Street).  The windows had shutters, the coal house was in the kitchen.  Also, it had a garret with a huge beam which sloped down to the floor.  Inside was also a swing where the children used to play if the weather was bad.  The floors were all stone slabs.  Annie can remember her mother Fanny Richards teaching her how to scrub these floors.  She would be about 8 or 9 years old at the time (circa 1923), but she had to scrub them.  The living room had a big beam which went right across the ceiling.  Now and then when her father Jacob Richards had some beer he would throw something up at it.  One night, he threw a tin of milk up at it.  (Subsequently Jacob Richards became teetotal and a Primitive Methodist chapel man). Annie tried not to remember those days.

Armstrongs Farm


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Created 2 December 2001
Last updated 18 March 2016