I have named this farm Armstrongs Farm but it never had a farm name. It was located in Scotland Yard, Palterton, a location that appears to have originated from the Armstrong name being associated with Scotland. However, this is pure conjecture on my part.
1841. Scarcliff(e) Survey Valuation and Rate. This document is a record of the Owners, Occupiers, Description & Situation, Quantity (acreage), Annual value, Annual value assessed and Assessment @ 5d. in the £.
There is no mention of an Armstrong either owning or occupying property or land in Palterton but a William Armstrong had land (33 acres) in Scarcliffe and Joseph Armstrong occupied Scarcliffe Lanes Farm (205 acres) owned by Earl Bathurst.
1842. 30 August. Allotted for sale by Auction the west part of the Scarcliff(e) & Palterton Earl Bathurst Estate.
The Plan of the Estate being offered for sale in Lots was lithographed and printed by R.Moody, 14 Cannon Street, Birmingham. There is a copy of this Plan in the County Record Office, Gloucester.
The abbrieviation "Arm" and the name Armstrong appears on the Plan in many locations. This information is conclusive proof that an Armstrong occupied and rented a large part of this Estate in Palterton. I belive that person was John Armstrong and his wife Mary.
I do not believe he owned any land in Palterton prior to the above sale but purchased a house and some land at the sale and continued to rent land as before. The 1861 census reveals he farmed 607 acres and this would be about the same as he farmed in 1841 at sale time.
1847. The Electoral Rolls reveal that John Armstrong qualified as an elector by occupying Land in Palterton. No mention of a House.
More research is required to discover when he first appears on the Electoral Rolls. He appears on these Rolls every year until at least 1861. More research is required to see when he disappears from the Rolls.
1850. The Palterton Tythe Map Award 1850 reveals that John Armstrong was an owner occupier of property and land in Palterton.
He owned and occupied a House, buildings, croft numbered 176 on the plan and 175 Upper Yard, 176a Croft.
This property stretched from Main Street, Scotland Yard (now Penine View), Ten Row, across Back Lane east up (via the land now the recreation ground) to Flash Lane, that being the main road to Bolsover.
Also, he owned and occupied land shown as numbers 125 Common Carr - this was located by the north side of Carr Lane close to the River Dawley (Doe Lea), 141 Ash Tree Close also by the north side of Carr Lane before Carr Farm. 210, 211 and 212 North Field located by the east side of Northfield Lane. 217 Flash Close east of Flash Lane which is now the main road from Palterton to Bolsover. (Flash means pool).
1851. The census reveals John Armstrong, aged 46 years, a farmer of 360 acres occupied this property with his wife and family. He had 15 outside servants and 4 indoor servants and one House servant. Clearly, this was a large farm and labour intensive!
James Bullock aged 26 years, an Ag.Lab. occupied a property at the location subject of this chapter and one property was uninhabited.
1861. The census reveals John Armstrong aged 54 years a Farmer of 607 acres of
land. Dairy farm! He lives with his wife Mary and a nephew who was Asst. Bailiff and 4 servants.
James Bullock aged 40 years, an Ag.Lab. lives in the property with his wife, according to the census.
1862. 31 January. Mary Armstrong died at Palterton aged 58 years and was buried on the 4 February in the churchyard as Scarcliffe Parish Church. She was the wife of John Armstrong.
1867. 13 August. John Armstrong, farmer of Palterton made his Will.
1868. 4 January. John Armstrong died at Palterton aged 60 years and was buried on the 9 January in the churchyard at Scarcliffe Parish Church.
1868. 12 June 1868. My research note lost.
1868. 4 September. An Auction by Mr. Samuel Denham at the house of Mr. George Limb, the sign of The Swan Hotel situate at Bolsover on Friday, 4 sSeptember at 3 o' Clock in the afternoon, by order of the Will of Mr. John Armstrong, farmer, deceased.
The following valuable Freehold and Copyhold Estates in the following or such other lots as shall be agreed upon at the time. In the parish of Scarcliffe.
Lot 1. Two cottages, gardens and croft situate at Palterton numbers 5 and 6 containing together
about 1acre 31perches, now in the several occupations of Robert Smith, John Elliott and the trustees
of the late Mr John Armstrong.
Lot 2. Messuage or Dwelling House, Outbuildings, Splendid Garden walled all round, Stack Yard and Croft with
Cottage, Garden and Croft called "Dobbs Croft" situate in Palterton containing 2acres 2roods numbered 7,8,9 on the plan
and adjoining plot 1 now in the occupation of John Bullock and the said Trustees.
Lot 3. A Close of exceedingly rich grass land situate at Palterton, called the
Lot 4. Two Closes of valuable grass land situate at Palterton, lying together near the Doe Lea Brook called the
Common Carr Fields and containing 9acres 1rood 4perches, numbered 1 and 2 on the plan and now in the posession
of Mr Armstrong's Trustees and adjoining the highway leading from Palterton to Chesterfield.
Lot 5. A close of good arable land situate at Palterton called The Ash Tree Close, containing
5acres 2roods 17perches, now in the posession of the Trustees, number 4 on the plan and also adjoining the
highway leading from Palterton to Chesterfield.
Lot 6. A Close of arable land situate at Palterton and called Flash Close, containing
3acre 1rood 3perches now in the posession of the Trustees number 12 on the plan and adjoining the
highway from Bolsover to Mansfield.
Lot 7. Three closes of arable land situate at Palterton and called the North Fields containing
16acres 1rood 32perches and now in the posession of the Trustees numbered 13,14 and 15 on the plan
and bounded on the west by Occupation Road.
Lot 8 to 13. Inclusive were situated in Bolsover and was arable, grass and rich grazing land. These six lots raised £3,530.
It was stated that the sale was a very good one and proves that land had gone up in value at Bolsover very much recently.
Lot 2. This was the Scotland Yard plot that had been owned by the late Mr John Armstrong. It remained in the Armstrong family because it was purchased by Mr Robert Armstrong purchased for £440.
1869. 6 March. Indenture between Robert Armstrong, farmer of Bolsover and William Godber, farmer of Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe and John Armstrong, deceased ....... mentions Ann Dobb, afterwards James Bullock and now John Bullock. 18 perches .... and all that messuage, cottage or tenement situate at Palterton with outbuildings, garden and appertuances thereto belonging etc. and also that Croft adjoining to and formerly occupied with the said last mentioned cottage by the said Ann Dobb, containing by recent measurement 2 roods 10 perches or thereabouts and now in occupation of said Robert Armstrong and also that Close, piece or parcel of land recently measured 1 acre 3 roods and 12 perches named Peter Croft. 13 June 1850.? Possibly sold for £505.
1869. Indenture made between Richard Armstrong and William Godber and said Robert Armstrong - £1,560. One acre 3 roods and 8 perches situated at Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe.
1890. Wednesday. 17 September 1890. Sale Catalogue.
These properties were owned by Robert Armstrong, Esquire of Scarcliffe Lanes near Mansfield. There were ten lots for sale, seven being in Palterton, the remaining three being in Bolsover.
The first six lots were the properties and land which comprised Ten Row, Scotland Yard and properties on Main Street, which were part of Scotland Yard.
Lot 1. Comprised the Freehold House and shop, together with Four Cottages and a plot
of building land, having a frontage to the Main Street.
The occupants of these properties were stated to be H. Allfree, Miss Thornaley, H. Godfrey, J. Townsend and M. Fenton at rentals amounting to £46..16s..0d. .
Lot 2. Comprised Five Freehold cottages with garden ground thereto adjoining Lot 1, in the
occupations of Mrs Cantrell, H. Frith, W. Shilling, A. Allfree and R. Hays
at rentals amounting to £35..2shillings per annum.
Lot 3. Comprised Three Freehold Cottages adjoining lot 2, in the occupations of William Hall,
William Smith and M. Wright at rentals amounting to £28..12 shillings per annum.
Lot 4. Comprised Four Freehold Cottages adjoining the Main Street, with the necessary conveniences
detached therefrom, in the occupations of H. Mellors, J. Pearce, J. Pemberton and Albert Allfree
at rentals amounting to £31..4shillings per annum.
Lot 5. Comprised Ten newly built Freehold Cottages and Gardens in front in the occupations of
R. Radford, C. Drabble, W. Barthorpe, W. Griffiths, J. Shimwell, M. Jones, S. Allfree, F. Shaw,
E. Griffiths, G. Ward at rentals amounting to £104 per annum.
Lot 6. Comprised a plot of Freehold Building Land, adjoining Lot 5, having a frontage of about
55 yards to Back Lane containing in the whole 900 square yards. The purchaser of this Lot 5 was
to have a right of road ten feet wide along the whole western side of this lot.
Lot 7. Comprised Three valuable Freehold Closes of Grass Land near Palterton Carr House, known as Darwoods containing about 6 acres 1 rood 25 perches and numbered 109, 111 and 115 on the Ordnance map of Scarcliffe.
This latter sale marked the end of any farming connections with Scotland Yard, Palterton. Having said this, I believe that the farm house in Scotland Yard had long since ceased to be a farm house and had been occupied by tenants connected with the Armstrong farming family.
Additional Information re Scotland Yard and the Armstrong family.
1897. Indenture made between Robert Armstrong of Burnt Leep, Whitwell, Farmer on the one part and Mary Mitchell, wife of Edward Mitchell of Chesterfield, Accountant.
1897. .... and all those 27 dwelling houses or tenements erected on the said piece or parcel of land occupied by Caleb Jones, John Barker, Thomas Nicholson, A. West and others.
1899. 12 December. The will of Robert Armstrong appointed dear wife Ellen and son Robert Armstrong.
1900. 24 June. Robert Armstrong died.
1900. 17 August 1900. Robert Armstrong's will proved.
1902. 2 June 1902. Mary Mitchell and first part, John James Dickens and Hannah Dickens, his wife of Eyre Street, Chesterfield, Commission agent and second part, and Ellen Armstrong of Worksop, widow and Robert Armstrong of Whaley, farmer, third party.
This document of 2 June 1902 is Mary Mitchell selling to John James Dickens and his wife Hannah Dickens. The mortgagees were Ellen and Robert Armstrong.
This was Scotland Yard and was 1acre 3 roods and 8 perches in Palterton, bounded by land on the north owned by Charles Spray, sold sometime ago by Robert Armstrong on the south by land owned by Earl Bathurst, on the east by the Back Road and on the west by the main road from Sutton to Palterton Railway Station to Scarcliffe.
Additional update facts: 8 March 2016
Created 2 December 2001
Last updated 18 March 2016