- Jacks 'Palterton' Local History Page

The Richards Hardy connection

We first meet the Hardy family in 1901 when on the 25th. December Jacob Richards aged 21 years, a bachelor and a miner married Fanny Hardy, aged 20 years and a spinster.  The marriage was at the parish church of St. Leonards, Scarcliffe.  Both bride and groom were stated to be of Palterton, a nearby village.  Both signed their names in the parish register. Their respective fathers were Mark Richards and Tom Hardy and both were stated to be miners.  The two witnesses were the parents of Jacob Richards, namely Mark Richards, who made his mark and Agnes Richards who signed her name in the parish register.

Although I can neither prove nor disprove it, it is reasonable to suppose that the fact that the brides father or mother did not sign the register was they were not present at the wedding.  This supposition may be supported by the fact as will be seen later that two years earlier on the 15 July 1899, Fanny Richards had given birth to an illegitimate baby girl whom she named Ruth Hardy.

Both Jacob and Fanny Richards were to remain in Palterton for the remainder of their lives, except that Fanny Hardy moved to nearby Bolsover a short time before she died.

Ruth Hardy was born on the 15 July 1899 at Breedon, in the Melbourne Regn, district of Leicestershire.  Her birth certificate also records that her mother Fanny Hardy was a Domestic Servant and residing at The Brand, Breedon.  The name of the father is not recorded.  Her mother recorded the birth on the 28 August 1899. (GRO Ref: 7B. 492.).  Hence Fanny Richards was aged 17 years and 3 months old when her baby was born.  Although the location of the birth is recorded as above, a private family document records the birth as being at Griffydam, where Fannys parents were living at that time.  However both the birth certificate and the 1911 census clearly record her birth as being The Brand, Breedon.  Ruth Hardy remained with her Hardy grandparents throughout her childhood.

The Electoral Rolls for 1900 reveal that Tom Hardy qualified as a voter and occupied a dwelling house at Olga Terrace in the parish of Thringston, Leicestershire.  The abode appears to be St. Georges Hill!

The 1901 census dated Sunday, 31 March reveals that Tom Hardy and his family including baby Ruth Hardy was living at Olga Terrace, Thringstone, Coleorton. which was in the parish of Thringstone, sub district of Whitwick in the Regn. District of Ashby de la Zouch.  His daughter Fanny Hardy was not living with the family.  (Ref.: RG13. Piece 2972, folio 97, page 4.)

Name Status M or S SeX Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Hardy, Tom Head Marr. M 54 1847 Coal Miner Hewer Burbage. Leics.
Hardy, Mary J. Wife Marr. F 49 1852 -- Stapleton, Leics.
Hardy,Arthur Son S M 15 1886 Coal miner
Horse driver
Ashby Woulds, Leics.
Hardy, Walter T. Son S F 13 1888 Coal miner
Horse driver
Ashby Woulds, Leics.
Hardy, George Son S M 10 1891 -- Ashby Woulds, Leics.
Hardy,Harry Son S M 6 1895 -- Griffydam, Leics.
Hardy,Ruth Gr.dau. S F 1 1900 -- Breedon, Leics.
Where was Fanny Hardy living at the time of the 1901census?

The census dated Sunday, 31 March 1901 reveals that Fanny Hardy, aged 21 years, a general domestic servant was living at Snibstone Grange, Snibstone, Ravenstone with Snibston, Leicestershire in the Regn. District of Ashby de la Zouch, sub district Whitwick.  She was living with a James and Elizabeth A. Clarke, an elderly retired couple. 

Name Relation M or S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Clarke, James Head Marr. M 77 1824 Living on own
means
Great Bowden, Leics.
Clarke, Elizabeth A. Wife Marr. F 68 1833 -- Moulton,Northamptonshire
Clarke, Mary L. Dau. S. F 45 1856 -- Leicester.  Leicestershire
Hardy, Fanny Servant S. F 21 1880 General Domestic
servant
Leicester. Leicestershire
This is an interesting discovery in that the age of Fanny Hardy was stated to be 21 years and that she was employed as a General domestic servant.  This was almost two years after she had given birth to her daughter Ruth Hardy.  Clearly someone has given the wrong age to the Enumerator. She was in fact born in 1882 on the 20 April to be precise.  She was one month older than 19 years.

Sometime between Sunday, 31 March and Christmas of 1901, (my paternal) grandmother moved from this area to Palterton, Deryshire where she married.  One suspects she must have met and courted her future husband prior to the census date.  Where and how did the couple meet?  At present we do not know.

It serves no useful purpose to continue the life of Fanny Richards formerly Hardy from the date of her marriage because quite simply we have already researched it in the chapter of her life and that of her husband Jacob Richards.  Instead we will research her life and her ancestors prior to 1901.

If we look at the 1891 census, dated Sunday 5 April 1891, we discover that Fanny Hardy was living with her parents at Woodville, in the sub district and district of Ashby de la Zouch.  The address of the family home was stated to be Occupation Road, Woodville, Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire.
(Ref: RG. 12, Piece 2511, folio 60, page 52.)

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, Tom Head Marr. M 44 1847 Railway Signalman Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 39 1853 -- Stapleton, Leics.
Hardy, William Son S M 13 1878 Scholar Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy, Fanny Dau. S F 8 1883 Scholar Ashby Woulds, Leics.
Hardy, Arthur Son S M 5 1886 Scholar Ashby Woulds, Leics.
Hardy, Walter Son S M 3 1888 -- Ashby Woulds, Leics.
Hardy, George Son S M 3 mth. 1891 -- Ashby Woulds, Leics.
This census records Mary Hardy whereas he full name was Mary Jane Hardy formerly Alesbrook.  Let's go back in time by ten years to the 1881 census and search for Tom Hardy.  We are in luck, we find him and his family living at Cutt End, Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire.  The Regn. District, sub district and parish are all the same, namely Ashby de la Zouch. (Ref: RG11, Piece no. 3141. Folio 72, page 66.)
1881 census.
Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, Tom Head Marr. M 34 1847 Railway Signalman Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 29 1852 -- Stapleton, Leics.
Hardy, Mary A. Dau. S F 9 1872 Scholar Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy, Annie Dau. S F 4 1877 -- Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy, William H. Son S M 2 1879 -- Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy, James Son S M 0 1881 -- Woodville Sidings, Leics.
This census again records Mary Hardy whereas her full name was Mary Jane Hardy formerly Alesbrook.  Also their daughter is named as Mary A., the letter 'A' being Ann and their son William H., the letter 'H' being Henry.  Clearly their son James Hardy had been named after his grandfather James Hardy, the father of Tom Hardy!

If we compare the details on this (1881) census with those on the 1891 census, we discover that Mary A. Hardy, Annie Hardy and James Hardy are missing from the family home on the 1891 census. Where are they?

We find Annie Hardy, aged 15 years, living with the Nield family as a General Servant at Belvoir Road, Hugglescote and Donnington, Donnington Le Heath, Leicestershire.  This address was in the Regn. District of Ashby de la Zouch, sub district Whitwick.  The head of the household, William Nield was stated to be an Elementary teacher.
Ref: RG12, Piece 2512, folio 35, page 1.

We discover that two children had died.  James Hardy son of Tom and Mary Jane Hardy died February 2nd. 1882 at Woodville Junction and his slightly older brother Walter Thomas Hardy died February 9th 1885 at Woodville Junction.  Where was their older sister Mary Ann Hardy in 1891?

Whilst researching the 1891 census, we discovered James Hardy and his wife Mary, these are the parents of Tom Hardy born 23 November 1846 at Burbage, Leicestershire.  We find them living on Main Street, Stanton, Burton, Staffordshire in the Regn. District of Burton upon Trent, in the Gresley sub district, in the parish if Stanton.  Ref.: RG12, Piece 2200, folio 147, page 1.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, James Head Marr. M 69 1822 Agric. Lab. Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 70 1821 -- Burbage, Leics.
Living next door to them were a family named Kenny, the head of the household being William Kenny, aged 43 years, born Burbage, Leicestershire.  We know that in 1861 at the census, he was living with the said James and Mary Hardy and was described as their son in law, hence he had married their daughter.

Why have made mention of James Hardy and his wife Mary?  Quite simply because they are the parents of Tom Hardy, born November 23rd. 1846 son of James Hardy, Born at Burbage, Near Hinkley, (sic) Leicestershire, who married Mary Jane Hardy born daughter of William Alesbrook, born at Stapleton, near Hinckley.

If we go back 10 years to the 1881 census and seek out James Hardy and his wife Mary Hardy.  We find them living at Stanton Lane, Stanton and Newhall (Derbyshire), in the civil parish of that latter name, in the Registration district of Burbridge (sic),
Ref.: RG11, Piece 2760, folio 104, page 11.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, James Head Marr. M 59 1822 Farm Lab. Burbridge,(sic) Leics.
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 60 1821 - Burbridge,(sic) Leics.
Bailey, George Lodger Widower M 21 1860 Colliery Lab. Burbridge,(sic) Leics.
Hunphreys, Thomas Lodger S M 28 1853 Coal miner Longton, Staffs.
If we now go back another 10 years to the 1871 census and seek out James Hardy and his wife Mary Hardy formerly Smith, we discover them living at West Brook Cottages, Lullington, Staffordshire in the Burton upon Trent, Regn. District, sub district Gresley in the parish of Gresley,  Ref: RG10, Piece 2901, folio 44, page 7.
Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, James Head Marr. M 48 1823 Agric. Lab. Cowman Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 50 1821 -- Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Willoughby Son S M 20 1851 Labourer on railway Burbage, Leics.
Can we find James Hardy and wife Mary, their son Tom Hardy and any other family members prior to 1871 on the census?  We are in luck but it caused some minor difficulties in 1851.  The 1861 census states the family were living at Windsor End, Burbage, Leicestershire in the parish of Burbage, Regn. district of Hinckley.
Ref: RG09, Piece 2259, Folio 8, Page 9.
Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, James Head Marr. M 37 1824 Agricultural Lab. Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 37 1824 Seamer Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Willoughby Son S M 10 1851 Agricultural Labourer Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Mary A. Dau, S F 6 1855 Scholar Burbage, Leics.
Kenny, William Son in law M M 12 1849 Plough Boy Burbage, Leics.
It is verbatim from the original entry in that it records "son in law".  Often in those days, when it stated "son in law" as on this entry, it meant adopted by".  The occupation of Willoughby Hardy is shown as "Do" which we take as ditto for seamer, his mothers occupation.

Also this family are number 49 on the schedule and number 50 was a William Hardy, shown as being a lodger of James Hardy.  The said Willaim Hardy was father of James Hardy.  1861 census. Ref: RG09, Piece 2259, Folio 8, Page 9.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, William Lodger Wdwr. M 75 1786. Ag.Lab. Coton, Warwicks.
A third separate entry but living next door to James Hardy, his wife Mary Hardy and William Hardy, father of the said James Hardy was a Sarah Hardy, who was number 51 on the schedule
Ref: HO.107, Piece 2082, Folio 104, Page 25. RECHECK THIS REF. NO.

SOMETHING WRONG WITH REFERENCES TO LAST ENTRY 6 JULY 2013

Let us pause and go back to the 1861 census which reveals Sarah Hardy, a widow living with her four children at Windsor End, Burbage, Leicestershire.  This address was in the Regn. District of Hinckley, sub district 1 Burbage in the parish of Burbage.
Ref: RG09, Piece 2259, folio 8, page 9.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, Sarah Head Widow F 38 1823 Stocking F.W.K. Burbage, Leicestershire
Hardy, William Son Single M 14 1847 Occupn. Burbage, Leicestershire
Hardy, John Son Single M 12 1849 Seamer Burbage, Leicestershire
Hardy, Thomas Son Single M 10 1851 Seamer Burbage, Leicestershire
Hardy, Harriett Dau. Single F 2 1859 - Burbage, Leicestershire
Clearly she has been widowed in the last 3 years, maybe more recently.  Living next door to her was a William Hardy, aged 75, a widower, lodger (1786?) an Agricultural Labourer born in Coton, Warwickshire.  Then next door but one, James and Mary Hardy, who had William Kenny, described as "son in law" living with them.  We have established that this James and Mary Hardy were the parents of Thomas Hardy and in laws to the above Sarah Hardy?

As at May 2013,we cannot find a death of the husband of Sarah Hardy (last paragraph) nor can I find her and her family on the 1881 census but we find her on the 1871 census living at Hinckley Road, Horsepool Place, Burbage, Leicestershire.  Regn. District of Hinckley, sub district Burbage in the parish of Burbage.
Ref: RG10, Piece 3235, folio 40, page 10,

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, Sarah Head Widow F 48 1823 Charwoman Burbage, Leicstershire.
Hardy, Thomas Son Single M 20 1851 Farm Labourer Burbage, Leicstershire.
Hardy, Harriett Dau. Single F 12 1859 Scholar Burbage, Leicstershire.
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX If we go back to William Hardy on the 1861 census stated to be a lodger aged 75 years born Coton, Warwickshire, we find him ten years earlier on the 1851 census.

On the 1851 census, we discover that William Hardy, his wife, grand daughter and lodger are living at Manor House, Chapelry of Burbage, Leicestershire in the Regn. District of Hickley, sub district of Burbage in the parish of Chapelry of Burbage.
Ref: HO 107, Piece 2082, folio 82, page 18.

We see that their grand daughter Susan Hardy is living with them, born circa 1847.  She is a Hardy, hence her father is a Hardy.  We know their son James Hardy, himself had a son Tom Hardy, born November 23rd. 1846.  Could she be a brother to Tom Hardy?  We think not!  We believe she was a daughter of another son of William and Mary Hardy.  We will identify her in due course.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, William Head Marr. M 60 1791. Ag. Lab. Chivers Coton, Warwickshire
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 63 1788 - Burbage Leicestershire
Hardy, Susan Gr. Dau. Single F 4 1847 - Burbage Leicestershire
Kenny, James Lodger Wdwr. M 69 1782 Ag. Lab. Daventry, Northamptonshire
Let us return to the 1851 census and seek out James and Mary Hardy parents of Thomas (Tom) Hardy born 26 November 1846 at Burbage. Leicestershire.  As mentioned the 1851 census caused a difficulty because the name Hardy was recorded as HARDING both on the 1851 census and also in parish records around that time. Our initial searches had proved negative for the second name Hardy, but we were in luck when we searched for the name HARDING.  This census records the family were living at Horsepool Square, Chapelry of Burbage, Leicestershire.  This address was in the Registration district of Hinckley, sub district of Burbage in the parish of the Chapelry of Burbage.
Ref: HO.107, Piece 2082, Folio 104, Page 25.
Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
HARDING, James Head Marr. M 27 1824. Ag. Lab. Burbage, Leicestershire
HARDING, Mary Wife Marr. F 29 1822 - Bitteswell, Leicestershire
HARDING, Thomas Son - M 4 1847. - Burbage, Leicestershire
HARDING, James Son S M 3 1848. - Burbage, Leicestershire
HARDING, Willoughby Son S M 0 (11mths) 1851. - Burbage, Leicestershire
Riley, James Lodger Single M 25 1826. Ag. Lab. Burbage, Leicestershire
We carefully checked and this was how this family was both Enumerated and many years later transcribed.  The original entries cannot be checked because they have been destroyed but this is how the Enumerator copied them from the destroyed documents.  A check of the parish register for Burbage reveals the family at that time were also stated to be named HARDING.

Upon obtaining the certified copy of an entry of birth supplied by the GRO, we discover the following details:   Registration District of Hinckley.
1846.  Birth in the sub-district of Burbage in the Counties of Leicester and Warwick.
No. 423.  Twenty third of November 1846 at Burbage, Tom, Boy, father James HARDING, a Labourer, mother Mary HARDING formerly Smith.  When registering the birth on the Thirtieth of November 1846, the mother Mary HARDING of Burbage made her mark (+).  The registrar Richd. Ganier ? signed his name.

RESTART HERE 23 mAY 2013xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz
If we go back to William Hardy who, on the 1861 census was stated to be a lodger aged 75 years born Coton, Warwickshire, we find him ten years earlier on the 1851 census.

On the 1851 census, we discover that William Hardy, his wife, grand daughter and lodger are living at Manor House, Chapelry of Burbage, Leicestershire in the Regn. District of Hickley, sub district of Burbage in the parish of Chapelry of Burbage.
Ref: HO 107, Piece 2082, folio 82, page 18.

We see that their grand daughter Susan Hardy is living with them, born circa 1847. She is a Hardy, hence her father is a Hardy. We know their son James Hardy, himself had a son Tom Hardy, born November 23rd. 1846. Could she be a brother to Tom Hardy? We think not! We believe she was a daughter of another son of William and Mary Hardy. We will identify her in due course.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, William Head Marr. M 60 1791. Ag. Lab. Chivers Coton, Warwickshire
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 63 1788 - Burbage Leicestershire
Hardy, Susan Gr. Dau. Single F 4 1847 - Burbage Leicestershire
Kenny, James Lodger Wdwr. M 69 1782 Ag. Lab. Daventry, Northamptonshire
They have a lodger by the name of James Kenny, a widower, who is he?  We know there is a connection between the Hardy and Kenny families, but need to identify the same

By searching the 1841 census, we find William Hardy, his wife and two sons living at Church Street, Aston Flamville, Burbage, Leicestershire in the Regn. District of Hinckley, sub district Burbage in the parish of Aston Flamville.
Ref: HO107, Piece 600, Book / folio 2/11, page 19.

Name Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Whether born in Leics.
Y or N
Hardy, William M 50 1791 -- N
Hardy, Mary F 50 1791 Ag.Lab. Y, Leicestershire.
Hardy, John M 25 1816 -- Y, Leicestershire.
Hardy, John M 25 1816 Ag. Lab. Y, Leicestershire.
Hardy, Harriett F 15 1826 -- Y, Leicestershire.
We know we have the correct family because it was the only Hardy family in Burbage from 1800, in fact there was no Hardy family there before that time.  The John Hardy and Hariett Hardy mentioned here were christened on the 18 December 1815 and 17 May 1826 respectively.

By researching the census of 1841, 1851 and 1861 in relation to William Hardy and his wife Mary Hardy formerly Langham, we discover that between 1851 and 1861, Mary Hardy had died.  The 1861 census states that William Hardy was a widower.  We discover that Mary Hardy died on the 22 August 1856 at Burbage and that she was aged 72 years, wife of Wm. Hardy, Handyman, Agricultural Labourer.  The death certificate reveals the cause of death as being “Died suddenly from sincope arising from some organic Disease of the heart”.  The informant was John Gregory, Coroner Leicester and the death was registered on the 23 August 1856.  The registrar was stated to be Richd. (sic) Garner, who signed his name.  Mary Hardy was buried on the 24 August 1856.

Whilst researching the 1901 census, we discovered another person named Hardy, namely Mary Hardy, a widow, wife of the late James Hardy, who was my great, great grandfather and father of Tom Hardy, born 23 November 1846.  She was living at alone at 334, Stanton, Stanton and Newhall (Derby), Staffordshire.
(Census Ref: RG13, Piece 2639, folio 189, page 37.  Regn. District of Burton upon Trent, sub district Gresley in the parish of Stanton and Newhall (Derby). The Ecclesiastical district of Stapenhill St. Peter.)

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, Mary Head Widow F 80 1821 - Burbage, Leics.
Clearly her husband James Hardy had died, she told us she was a widow.  By searching the GRO indexes, we discover his death in 1897, aged 76 years.  Vol. 6B, page 261. in the Registration district of Burton upon Trent in the sub district of Gresley, County of Derby.

The death certificate for James hardy reveals he died on the 22 January 1897 at Stanford, Swadlincote U.D. and that he was aged 76 years, occupation Agricultural Labourer.  The cause of his death is recorded as Chronic Bronchitis for 5 years, Cardiac failure 2 days and his death was certified by W.J.Mullaney. L.R.C.P..  The informant to the Registrar was his son Willoughby Hardy of Stanford, who stated he was in attendance at the death.  His death was registered on the 22 January 1897 and the registrar was William Wright?

We cannot find his wife Mary Hardy, widow on the 1911 census, hence we suspect she may have died.  We are correct.  We find her death in the GRO indexes in 1902, aged 81 years, her death having occurred in the Regn. District of Burton upon Trent, sub district Gresley in the County of Derby.  GRO. Ref: 6B page 231.

The death certificate for Mary Hardy reveals she died on the 18 May 1902 at 234, Main Street, Stanton, Swadlincote U.D.and that she was a female aged 81 years.  She was the widow of James Hardy, an Agricultural Labourer.  The cause of her death was Senility, Exhaustion and was certified by Septimus Palmer. L.R.C.P.  The informant to the Registrar was Mary H. Kenny, granddaughter of 236, Main Street, Stanton, who stated she was present at the death, which was registered on the 20 May 1902.  The Registrar. Was Lottie Wright.

Consequently, both my great, great Hardy grandparents were now dead.

We will leave this family for a while and return to them later. we need to input JAMES AND MARY HARDY ON THE 1881 CENSUS

As a youngster in the late 1940s I had been told by my grandmother that her sister Mary Ann Hardy had worked for a Doctor in the Prestwich area of Manchester and I had heard mention of Besses O' the Barn brass band but cannot remember the tale.  Thus I looked to see if she appeared on the 1891 census in the Manchester area.  She did but not working for a Doctor at that time but a Boot and Shoe Factor.

1891 census – Ref. RG12, Piece 3234, Folio 4, page 1. Regn. District Manchester, Sub district Ancoats in the parish of Manchester.  Ecclesiastical District of St. Phillips.  She was living at 107, Butler Street, Ancoats, Manchester.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Reed, John Head M M 39 1852 Boot and shoe factor Manchester
Reed, Martha A. Wife F M 39 1852 - Manchester
Reed, Mary A. Dau. S F 9 1882 Scholar Manchester
Reed, Alexander. Son S M 7 1884 Scholar Manchester
Hardy, Mary Ann Servant S F 19 1872 Domestic servant Ashby de la Zouch, Leics.
I believe that Mary Ann Hardy later Sedgley was to spend most of her life in Manchester and I know that she died in the 1960s in Manchester – during the 1960s she had lived in a retirement home at the corner of Broom Lane and Stockport Road (A6), Levenshulme, Manchester.  She has prospered during her lifetime.

With prior knowledge that Mary Ann daughter of Tom Hardy married to J. H. Sedgley at Pump Street Wesleyan Chapel Worcester Dec. 26th. 1893, where was her future husband at the time of the 1891 census.  We find him, not surprisingly in Manchester living as a lodger with a family at 15, Rocester Street, Manchester.  Ref: RG12, Piece 3247, folio 23, page 39.  Regn, district Manchester, sub district St. George, in the Ecclesiastical district of Albert Memorial.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Ryall, Henry Head Marr. M 38 1853 Masons Labourer Louth. Lincs.
Ryall, Jane Wife Marr. F 36 1855 -- Haughton Green, Lancs.
Ryall, Edith L. Dau. S F 1 1890 -- Manchster
Sedgley, Joseph H. Boarder S M 22 1869 Glove Sorter. Wolverhampton, Staffs.
The spelling Rocester is as written in the Enumerators hand.  I suspect the modern spelling is Rochester.  If this is so, then the street is off the A56 road known as Bury New Road – Manchester to Bury – and is in an area known as Sedgley Park, appropriately named in view of the name Joseph Henry Sedgley!

Now that we have mentioned Mary Ann Hardy marrying Joseph Henry Sedgley in 1893, it would be remiss if we did not follow them on the two censi in 1901 and 1911.

1901 census dated Sunday, 31 March reveals that Mary Ann Sedgley was living with her husband and family at 13 Nelson Street, Chorlton upon Medlock, in the Regn. District of Chorlton, sub division of Chorlton upon Medlock in the parish of South Manchester.

This address is within one mile of the centre of Manchester.  It is a well known street that for many years has been the location of Manchester Royal Infirmary and Manchester Eye Hospital.  Only one house now stands thereon (2013) but there were houses on one side (odd numbers) of the road in the 1960s.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Sedgley, Joseph Henry Head Marr. M 32 1869 Glove warehouseman Wolverhampton, Staffordshire.
Sedgley, Mary Ann Wife Marr. F 29 1872 -- Gresley, Derbys.
Sedgley, Ida Annie Dau. S F 6 1895 School Manchester, Lancs.
Sedgley, Eric Joseph Son S M 3 mths. 1901 -- Manchester, Lancs.
Sedgley, Ida Sister S F 30 1871 Dress Maker Wolverhampton, Staffordshire.
Meyenberg, Alexander Boarder S M 29 1872 (PHD) Research Chemist Foreign Subject (Germany)
Griffin, Alice Agatha Boarder S F 23 1878 Dressmakern Ireland Waterford.
Fletcher, Albert Lodger S M 37 1864 Clergyman (Church of E.) Accrington, Lancs.
The Enumerator has wrongly written Albert Fletcher as a separate entry but clearly he is part of this household and the Enumerator confirms this by recording Lodger.  He makes this error on several other entries!

I have not further researched Mary Ann Sedgley formerly Hardy in the period 1893 to 1911 to see if there were more children born to her and her husband nor have I researched any burials.

The 1911 census, dated Sunday 2 April records Mary Ann Sedgley formerly Hardy is living with her husband and family at 43, Bankfield Avenue, Rusholme, in the Regn. District of Chorlton, sub district of Ardwick in the parish of South Manchester.  Ref. RG14, Piece no. 23772,  This address is within 2 miles of the city centre of Manchester and was a 6 bedroomed house.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Sedgley, Joseph Henry Head Marr.17 yrs. M 42 1869 Glove warehouseman
for a glove merchant
Wolverhampton, Staffordshire.
Sedgley, Mary Ann Wife Marr. F 39 1872 -- Gresley, Derbys.
Sedgley, Ida Annie Dau. S F 16 1895 Shorthand typist
in Engineering works
Salford, Lancs.
Sedgley, Eric Joseph Son S M 10 1901 School Manchester, Lancs.
Sedgley, James Brindley Brother Marr. M 44 1867 Linotype Operator
Printing Works
Wolverhampton, Staffs,
Brindley, John James Boarder S M 44 1867 Assistant Electric Light
station Municipal Works
Wolverhampton, Staffs,
Whilst we are looking at the 1911 census, it is an opportune moment to seek out Tom Hardy father of Fanny Richards formerly Hardy. We find him and his family living at 36 Wilkins Avenue, Hugglescote, Donington, Leicestershire.
Ref: RG14, Piece 1143. Regn, district of Ashby de la Zouch, Sub district of Whitwick in the parish of Hugglecote and Donington.
Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, Tom Head Marr. M 64 1847 Coal miner shifter Burbage, Leics.
Hardy, Mary Jane Wife Marr. 35 yrs. F 58 1853 -- Stapleton, Leics.
Hardy, Harry Son S M 16 1895 Foundry Hand Hame ner driver
Iron Foundry (sic)
Griffydam. Leics.
Hardy, Ruth Gr. dau. S F 11 1900 School Breedon parish. Leics.
Alesbrook, William Brother in law S M 47 1864 Colliery Banksman
above ground
Edingale, Warwicks.
It is clear that Ruth Hardy was living with her grandparents and they were her guardians!  Ruth Hardy was the illegitimate daughter of Fanny Richards formerly Hardy.

A Colliery Banksman above ground was a person employed at the top of the pit shaft where the cage ascended and descended.  His job would be to empty and fill the cage with tubs and signal by a loud bell when it was safe for the cage to move. Men would also ascend and descend on the cage.  It was similar to being a lift attendant in a shop, but he would not travel in the lift.

We have previously discussed Tom Hardy and his family in relation to the 1881 census, hence it is now time to seek him on the 1871 census.  We are aware from the Hardy Family Register that “Tom Hardy son of James Hardy Married to Sarah Arnold, daughter of Job Arnold, at Ashby de la Zouch Old Church April 11th.  The year of our Lord 1871”  Also, the census date was Sunday, 2 April 1871, so he married nine days after the census.

A certified copy of the marriage entry supplied by the GRO reveals the marriage was solemnised at the parish church in the parish of Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire on the 11 April 1871 and is no. 158 in the register.  Tom Hardy, aged 24 years, a bachelor, labourer who was resident in Blackfordby at the time of the marriage.  His father was stated to be James Hardy, a labourer who made his mark when witnessing the marriage.  The bride of Tom Hardy was Sarah Arnold, aged 22 years, a spinster, no profession recorded.  She too was resident in Blackfordby.  Her father was stated to be Job Arnold, a miner.  Both Tom Hardy and Sarah Arnold signed the register.  Harriet Arnold witnessed the marriage, but who was she?  We suspect she may have been sister to the bride.

On the 1871 census, we discover a Harriet Arnold, a general servant aged 19 years born Blackfordby and an Eliza Arnold, aged 13 years, born Blackfordby.  They were at the home of a Mark Smith, a butcher and his wife Ann Smith, aged 29 years.  We suspect Ann, Harriet and Eliza may have been sisters.  As will be seen later on the 1871 census, there is a grandaughter Mary Smith aged 5 years living with Job Arnold and his wife, the parents of Sarah Arnold.

The 1871 census records Thomas (Tom) Hardy as living in Castle Gresley, whereas nine days later on his marriage certificate he is stated to be living in Blackfordby.

Also, on the 1871 census, we find a James Hardy, aged 28 years, a railway labourer, his birthplace being unreadable, one of four lodgers living with a Samuel Dennis aged 60 years and his family.  They are living at Cadley Hill, Castle Gresley, Staffordshire which was in the Burton on Trent Regn. District, sub district Gresley in the parish of Castle Gresley.  Ref: RG10, Piece 2901, folio 32, page 14.  I do not intend to name those in the household, except for this James Hardy, whom as at March 2013, we cannot connect him with our research.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, James Lodger S M 28 1843 Railway Labourer ??? Leics.
Living next door were a family named Toplis, the head of the household being a William Toplis aged 25 years born at Normanton le Heath, Leicestershire.  Living in that household on census night was a Thomas Hardy, lodger aged 24 years, a railway labourer born Burbage, Leics.  The (FMP) transcribers have not attached him to this family, because quite simply, the Enumerator had wrongly given him a separate schedule number!  Ref: RG10, Piece 2901, folio 32, page 14.  Regn. District of Burton on Trent Regn. District, sub district Gresley in the parish of Castle Gresley.

I believe this is our Thomas Hardy, born 26 November 1846.  There is a connection between a Toplis family and our Hardy family, that we will explore later.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth year. Occupn. Where born
Toplis, William Head Marr. M 25 1846 Coal Labourer Normanton le Heath,> Leics.
Toplis, Selener Wife Marr. F 28 1843 Coal Labs. wife Blackfordby, Leics.
Toplis, James Son S M 11 1860 Scholar Blackfordby, Leics.
Toplis, William Son S M 5 1866 Scholar Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Toplis, Benjamin Son S M 1 1870 -- Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy, Thomas Lodger Unm. M 24 1847 Railway Labourer Burbage, Leicestershire
Let's now look at the Arnold family.  Sarah Arnold was the first wife of Thomas (Tom) Hardy.  We find the family on the 1871 census, as mentioned above, nine days before the marriage.  They were living in Blackfordby, Leics. in the Regn, district of Ashby de la Zouch, sub district Hartshorne in the parish of Blackfordby.  Ref.:  RG10, Piece 3246, Folio 12, page 15.
Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth year. Occupn. Where born
Arnold, Job Head Marr. M 62 1809 Coal miner Elford, Warwicks.
Arnold, Mary Wife Marr. F 58 1813 -- Smisby, Derbyshire
Arnold, Job Son S M 25 1846 Clay miner Blackfordby, Leics.
Arnold, Sarah Dau. S F 22 1849 -- Blackfordby, Leics.
Ball, Stephen Nephew S M 48 1823. Potmaker Smisby, Derbyshire
Smith, Mary Gr.dau. S F 5 1866 -- Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Sarah Arnold was aged 22 years and no occupation was recorded for her.  As mentioned above, nine days after this census was recorded she married Tom Hardy.  From our information contained in the Hardy Family Register, we discover : Mary Ann Hardy born at Castle Gresley March 15th. 1872.  1st.(sic) wife and Job Thomas Hardy born at Ashby de la Zouch April 19th. 1874. ditto

Hence we conclude, Sarah Arnold was not pregnant when she married unless we have failed to discover another birth and a death of a first child.

The aforementioned Hardy Family Register records two deaths relating to this family, namely :  Sarah Hardy wife of Tom Hardy died April 27th. 1874 at Ashby de la Zouch 1874 and Job Thomas Hardy son of above died Dec. 9th. 1874 at Blackfordby.

So Sarah Hardy formerly Arnold wife of Tom Hardy died three years and a few (16) days after their marriage and their second child Job Thomas Hardy died later in 1871 aged almost 8 months old.  What a tragic year for Tom Hardy.  Hence we find Tom Hardy a widower with one young daughter namely:  Mary Ann Hardy born at Castle Gresley March 15th. 1872.

However, he was to marry again four years later.  The Hardy Family Register records:  “Tom Hardy son of James Hardy Married at Church Gresley Primitive Methodist Chapel to Mary Jane daughter of William Alesbrook 29th.  The year of our Lord 1876.”  No month is stated.

The certified copy of an entry of this marriage by the GRO reveals that the marriage was on the 29 March 1876 at the Primitive Methodist Chapel, Church Gresley, in the district of Burton upon Trent in the County of Stafford and Derby.  The groom was Tom Hardy, aged 29 years, a widower, his profession being a Railway Pointsman.  He stated his abode was Church Gresley, Derbyshire and his father was James Hardy, a labourer.  His bride was Mary Jane Alesbrook aged 24 years, a spinster, her profession being a servant.  Her abode was also Church Gresley, Derbyshire and her father was William Alesbrook, a labourer  Both Tom Hardy and Mary Jane Alesbrook signed their names as did the two witnesses John Brotherhood and Sarah Anne Brotherhood.  The certificate states “married in the Primitive Methodist Chapel according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Primitive Methodists by Certificate by me Thomas Nickel, Minister.  The Registrar was R.R.Bellamy.  All the writing on this certificate is in the same lovely “flowing” handwriting.

Let us now move on five years to the 1881 census, dated 3 April 1881 and discover Tom Hardy and his family, whilst reminding ourselves that we have examined the 1871, 1891, 1901 and 1911 censii. We find the family living at Cutt End, Ashby de la Zouch, the latter town also being the Regn. Distric, sub district and parish. Ref: RG11, Piece 3141. Folio 72, page 66.

Name Status M or S SeX Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Hardy, Tom Head Marr. M 34 1847 Railway Signalman Burbage. Leics.
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 29 1852 -- Stapleton. Leics.
Hardy, Mary Dau. S F 9 1872 Scholar Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy, Annie Dau. S F 4 1877 Scholar Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy, William H. Son S M 2 1879 -- Castle Gresley, Derbys.
Hardy,James Son S M 0 1881 -- Woodville Sidings, Leics.
The correct name for Mary Hardy formerly Alesbrook was Mary Jane Hardy and the daughter Mary Hardy was Mary Ann Hardy, the latter girl married Joseph Henry Sedgley.  They are mentioned above and will be further discussed later.  Whilst studying the 1881 census, we discover another James Hardy living with his grandparents.  This 1881 census entry (Ref: RG11, piece 3130, folio 24, page 8.) reveals a James Hardy living with his grandparents James and Ann Hewson at Hinckley Road, Burbage. Leics.  Could this be the future husband of Cecilia Richards, sister in law of Fanny Hardy later Richards?
Name Status M or S SeX Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Place of birth.
Hewson, James Head Marr. M 58 1823 Agricultural Lab. Burbage. Leics.
Hewson, Ann Wife Marr. F 57 1824 Housewife Burbage. Leics.
Hewson, Bessie Dau. S F 22 1859 Assistant Hosiery Factory Burbage. Leics.
Hardy, James Gr. son S M 8 1873 Scholar Castle Gresley, Derbys.
If this James Hardy born circa 1873, son of Tom Hardy did marry Cecilia Richards, the youngest daughter of Mark Richards, we will have to take extra care because when this couple married, he (James Hardy) was recorded as James Ward.  Again, let's digress a moment and look at Cecilia Richards and James Hardy also known as James Ward.  Does this man fit into this piece of research?.

1898 An eventful year and we conject a happy one for Cecilia.  On the three Sundays 15, 22 and 29 May the Banns of her marriage were called at the small Parish Church of Shuttington which is on the hill across the fields from her home in Alvecote.

29 May 1898 Cecilia Richards aged 17 years and a spinster married James Ward aged 22 years, a bachelor and a Miner.  Both were of the hamlet of Alvecote and in fact from another source we have established that Cecilia and her family lived at number 22 in a long row of terraced houses (facing the main railway line) and I believe that James Ward "lodged" with them.

Although the date of her marriage is recorded as the 29 May 1898 in the Parish Register, the copy Registration certificate obtained from St. Catherine's Registry Office records the date as being the 30 May 1898.  The respective fathers were recorded as Mark Richards and James Ward, both of whom were Miners.

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If we go back to William Hardy who, on the 1861 census was stated to be a lodger aged 75 years born Coton, Warwickshire, we find him ten years earlier on the 1851 census.

On the 1851 census, we discover that William Hardy, his wife, grand daughter and lodger are living at Manor House, Chapelry of Burbage, Leicestershire in the Regn. District of Hickley, sub district of Burbage in the parish of Chapelry of Burbage.
Ref: HO 107, Piece 2082, folio 82, page 18.

We see that their grand daughter Susan Hardy is living with them, born circa 1847. She is a Hardy, hence her father is a Hardy. We know their son James Hardy, himself had a son Tom Hardy, born November 23rd. 1846. Could she be a brother to Tom Hardy? We think not! We believe she was a daughter of another son of William and Mary Hardy. We will identify her in due course.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, William Head Marr. M 60 1791. Ag. Lab. Chivers Coton, Warwickshire
Hardy, Mary Wife Marr. F 63 1788 - Burbage Leicestershire
Hardy, Susan Gr. Dau. Single F 4 1847 - Burbage Leicestershire
Kenny, James Lodger Wdwr. M 69 1782 Ag. Lab. Daventry, Northamptonshire
They have a lodger by the name of James Kenny, a widower, who is he?  We know there is a connection between the Hardy and Kenny families, but need to identify the same.

By searching the 1841 census, we find William Hardy, his wife and two sons living at Church Street, Aston Flamville, Burbage, Leicestershire in the Regn. District of Hinckley, sub district Burbage in the parish of Aston Flamville.
Ref: HO107, Piece 600, Book / folio 2/11, page 19.

Name Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Whether born in Leics.
Y or N
Hardy, William M 50 1791 -- N
Hardy, Mary F 50 1791 Ag.Lab. Y, Leicestershire.
Hardy, John M 25 1816 -- Y, Leicestershire.
Hardy, John M 25 1816 Ag. Lab. Y, Leicestershire.
Hardy, Harriett F 15 1826 -- Y, Leicestershire.
We know we have the correct family because it was the only Hardy family in Burbage from 1800, in fact there was no Hardy family there before that time.  The John Hardy and Hariett Hardy mentioned here were christened on the 18 December 1815 and 17 May 1826 respectively.

By researching the census of 1841, 1851 and 1861 in relation to William Hardy and his wife Mary Hardy formerly Langham, we discover that between 1851 and 1861, Mary Hardy had died.  The 1861 census states that William Hardy was a widower.  We discover that Mary Hardy died on the 22 August 1856 at Burbage and that she was aged 72 years, wife of Wm. Hardy, Handyman, Agricultural Labourer.  The death certificate reveals the cause of death as being “Died suddenly from sincope arising from some organic Disease of the heart”.  The informant was John Gregory, Coroner Leicester and the death was registered on the 23 August 1856.  The registrar was stated to be Richd. (sic) Garner, who signed his name.  Mary Hardy was buried on the 24 August 1856.

Let us return to the 1851 census and seek out James and Mary Hardy parents of Thomas (Tom) Hardy born 26 November 1846 at Burbage. Leicestershire.  As mentioned the 1851 census caused a difficulty because the name Hardy was recorded as HARDING both on the 1851 census and also in parish records around that time. Our initial searches had proved negative for the second name Hardy, but we were in luck when we searched for the name HARDING.  This census records the family were living at Horsepool Square, Chapelry of Burbage, Leicestershire.  This address was in the Registration district of Hinckley, sub district of Burbage in the parish of the Chapelry of Burbage.
Ref: HO.107, Piece 2082, Folio 104, Page 25.

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
HARDING, James Head Marr. M 27 1824. Ag. Lab. Burbage, Leicestershire
HARDING, Mary Wife Marr. F 29 1822 - Bitteswell, Leicestershire
HARDING, Thomas Son - M 4 1847. - Burbage, Leicestershire
HARDING, James Son S M 3 1848. - Burbage, Leicestershire
HARDING, Willoughby Son S M 0 (11mths) 1851. - Burbage, Leicestershire
Riley, James Lodger Single M 25 1826. Ag. Lab. Burbage, Leicestershire
We carefully checked and this was how this family was both Enumerated and many years later transcribed.  The original entries cannot be checked because they have been destroyed but this is how the Enumerator copied them from the destroyed documents.  A check of the parish register for Burbage reveals the family at that time were also stated to be named HARDING.

Upon obtaining the certified copy of an entry of birth supplied by the GRO, we discover the following details:   Registration District of Hinckley.
1846.  Birth in the sub-district of Burbage in the Counties of Leicester and Warwick.
No. 423.  Twenty third of November 1846 at Burbage, Tom, Boy, father James HARDING, a Labourer, mother Mary HARDING formerly Smith.  When registering the birth on the Thirtieth of November 1846, the mother Mary HARDING of Burbage made her mark (+).  The registrar Richd. Ganier ? signed his name.

Whilst researching the 1901 census, we discovered another person named Hardy, namely Mary Hardy, a widow, wife of the late James Hardy, who was my great, great grandfather and father of Tom Hardy, born 23 November 1846.  She was living at alone at 334, Stanton, Stanton and Newhall (Derby), Staffordshire.
(Census Ref: RG13, Piece 2639, folio 189, page 37.  Regn. District of Burton upon Trent, sub district Gresley in the parish of Stanton and Newhall (Derby). The Ecclesiastical district of Stapenhill St. Peter.)

Name Relation M / S Sex Age Birth
year.
Occupn. Where born
Hardy, Mary Head Widow F 80 1821 - Burbage, Leics.
Clearly her husband James Hardy had died, she told us she was a widow.  By searching the GRO indexes, we discover his death in 1897, aged 76 years.  Vol. 6B, page 261. in the Registration district of Burton upon Trent in the sub district of Gresley, County of Derby.

The death certificate for James hardy reveals he died on the 22 January 1897 at Stanford, Swadlincote U.D. and that he was aged 76 years, occupation Agricultural Labourer.  The cause of his death is recorded as Chronic Bronchitis for 5 years, Cardiac failure 2 days and his death was certified by W.J.Mullaney. L.R.C.P..  The informant to the Registrar was his son Willoughby Hardy of Stanford, who stated he was in attendance at the death.  His death was registered on the 22 January 1897 and the registrar was William Wright?

We cannot find his wife Mary Hardy, widow on the 1911 census, hence we suspect she may have died.  We are correct.  We find her death in the GRO indexes in 1902, aged 81 years, her death having occurred in the Regn. District of Burton upon Trent, sub district Gresley in the County of Derby.  GRO. Ref: 6B page 231.

The death certificate for Mary Hardy reveals she died on the 18 May 1902 at 234, Main Street, Stanton, Swadlincote U.D.and that she was a female aged 81 years.  She was the widow of James Hardy, an Agricultural Labourer.  The cause of her death was Senility, Exhaustion and was certified by Septimus Palmer. L.R.C.P.  The informant to the Registrar was Mary H. Kenny, granddaughter of 236, Main Street, Stanton, who stated she was present at the death, which was registered on the 20 May 1902.  The Registrar. Was Lottie Wright.

Consequently, both my great, great Hardy grandparents were now dead.

This page is currently under construction as at 18 MAY 2013. 

The Richards Hardy connection


Email: ronstan@richardsbygonetimes.co.uk

Home Page: http://www.richardsbygonetimes.co.uk/

Created 2 December 2012
Last updated: 10 July 2013