The Richards of Kimberley, parish of Greasley C.19th.


An extensive search has been carried out to locate the Richards of Kimberley.  This has produced a wealth of information and documentation which has provided a framework to work on.  This work now requires a more in - depth study and new information adding to the old.

From a previous study we discovered a huge 'nest' of Richards and their relatives who lived in the area in the 1830 to 1860 period.  Their occupations varied from Coal Miners, Masons, Brickmakers, Publicans and Blacksmiths.

The Richards had moved around, some travelled further distances.  Coal Miners seemed to be in constant transit moving in and out of Derbyshire.  It is difficult to keep up with them but through the Census data from 1841 to 1881 we can keep abreast with them, to some extent.

Three Inns came to light through this exercise vis. The Stag Inn, The Nelson and The Jolly Colliers.  The Richards of The Nelson and The Jolly Colliers at Awsworth are related but at present we have not proved that the Richards of The Stag Inn are related to the others..........but the theory is that they could well be.

The Richards owned a fair amount of property at Edinboro Row, Kimberley Flatt during this period.  Where their wealth derived from is at present unknown.

It was Mathew Richards the son of Mathew and Mary Richards nee Sore who seemed to start the ball rolling.  Originally he was a Coal Miner but became the Licensee of The Jolly Colliers during the 1820s.

He purchased property at Edinboro Row, known locally as Chalk Knob, the property having been built on limestone.  Even today the view from this row of houses is superb.  Perhaps he was hard working and thrifty and decided to invest his money in property.  No documentary evidence has yet been discovered to indicate that he inherited any such property or money.

Kimberley and Nuthall were 'enclosed' late compared with other Parishes, in 1846.  This is a bonus for mid nineteenth century research in this area.  There is also a Map and an Award available - from these documents owner / occupiers can be established.

With the additional help from the Electoral Rolls from 1835 onwards and Trade Directories a vast amount of information can be gleaned to bring the Richards of Kimberley and Nuthall to life.

As a result of previous research in this area, numerous families connected through marriage have been revealed, namely, Barton, Callendine, Chambers, Fisher, Green, Hunt, Leivers, Longdon / Langdale, Mather, Meakin, Merriman, Purdy, Radford, Raynor, Sore, Stapleton, Wilcockson, Robinson, and many more.  All these people, who were involved with the Richards of Kimberley require an in-depth study to sort out relationships.

The time is right now to make a patient and thorough research into the Richards of Kimberley, Greasley and Nuthall parishes. We know such a lot about them.

The area known as Kimberley Flatt may hold hidden clues.  Several families have lived in this row of houses during the 1841/1851 period who are well known to us.  So let's try to relate these families together through the properties and marriages.

Let's now step inside The Nelson Inn and position ourselves in the back room which looks out onto the present day car parking area. From this window in the 1840s, a large house could be seen, but since demolished to form the car park.

In 1846 this house and land consisting of 5 acres 1 rood and 9 perches was owned by a John Leivers.  The occupier was Joseph Green.  This information is marked 251 on the Award map.  These two surnames are connected to the Richards by marriage and require investigation.

Can we prove that this John Leivers is connected to the Richards of Strelley?

A John Leivers married Grace Richards in 1813.  Grace was the daughter of Mathew and Mary Richards formerly Sore.

The 1841 Census for Kimberley should reveal this John Leivers and Landowner.  Was he married to a Grace or could this be John Leivers, Junior?  Who was Joseph Green?  Can these two men be related to Richards through marriage.  This wants solving.  I.G.I. !!!!

The Nelson Inn itself.  In 1846 John Richards 'The Rogue' was the Landowner.  The occupier was John Stirling and Another.  This information is marked No. 252. on the Award map.

A Trade Directory of 1846 should reveal John Stirling as the Licensee.

According to the 1841 Census, John Richards lived at Kimberley Flatt, his occupation being given as Publican.

The conclusion is that in 1841 John ''The Rogue'' Richards was the Licensee of The Nelson.  By 1851 he was a Railway Gateman and lived with his brother in Glasshouse Yard, Awsworth.

Although the 1841 Census did not record the name of the pub surely it was The Nelson!  If it was, then the address of The Nelson may have been Kimberley Flatt - it makes sense to say this because it stands at the foot of Kimberley Flatt.

The 1841 Trade Directory may corroborate John Richards ('The Rogue') as the Licensee.

In 1841 John Richards lived in Kimberley Flatt with his son Henry Richards and two Barton children, who are of course his sisters children.  Also living with him at this time are two servant girls namely Millicent Radford who has a tiny baby and Ruth Farnsworth.

Subsequently we discover that the tiny Radford baby Mary Radford was the illegitimate daughter of John Richards, hence we nicknamed him John 'The Rogue'.  Eventually he marries Millicent Radford and has another baby by her.

Here we have a Radford connection.  Hannah Richards widow of Edward Richards of The Stag Inn married a John Radford.  She ends her days at Annersley Lodge in the grounds of Annersley Hall, once the home of Lord Byron.

Did John Richards 'The Rogue' actually live then at The Nelson Inn in 1841.  He was living with two servants.  Did they help at the Inn.  Surely the answer to these questions is Yes but the facts have to be discovered and proved beyond reasonable doubt.

In 1841 Samuel Merriman Richards - 'The King Pin' and his wife Elizabeth and their family living in Kimberley Flatt.  They were still there in 1844 and may have been there in 1846, the year of the Award.  This needs an enquiry.

Can it be established that SAM 'The King Pin' was living in a Richards property?  Does the Award give the occupiers and owners of Kimberley Flatt property in 1846?

The next clue for Kimberley Flatt is two more Richards families who move into Kimberley Flatt either in the late 1840s or early 1850s.  They are definitely on the 1851 Census for Kimberley Flatt.

Edward and Amy Richards nee ........... and their family.  Next door to them live their married son Edward and Margaret Richards nee ..........  This is Edward Junior's second wife, his first wife having been named Sarah.  Edward Richards Senior was the son of Edward and Hannah Richards nee Collins.  This is The Stag Inn connection Edward Junior was a Bricklayer by trade.

This is interesting.  The question is, did Edward and Amy Richards move into the property that Samuel 'The King Pin' Richards vacated?  If this can be proved we may be onto something new !!!

Another clue here is Bricklayer or it may have said Mason.

Returning to 1841 we have two more Richards families living at Kimberley Knowle.

There could be four clues here which could link these branch lines together.

Alice Richards is Head of the Household and is classed as an Independent.  From previous research we know that this lady is the daughter of Edward and Hannah Richards nee Collins.  She was unmarried in 1841, although her Status was not given on the Census.  An indenture identified her.

Living with Alice in 1841 were two couples, the Maltby's and Clays.

Also living in Kimberley Knowle in 1841 were John and Eliza Richards.  John was the son of Samuel and Mary Richards nee Robinson of Strelley.  Living with John and his family were a Leivers family.

So here we have family surnames Clays, Leivers and two different Richards branches lines.

The Clays could be friends of Mathew and Hannah Richards nee Kerry.  Remember a Clay witnessed their marriage.

The Leivers could be related to John and Grace Leivers nee Richards which would link us back to Strelley and the line of Mathew and Mary Richards nee Sore.  I believe it was the son of John and Grace Leivers nee Richards!

The Richards - John and Eliza Richards relate us back to Strelley and Mathew and Mary Richards nee Sore.

Alice Richards connects us to The Stag Inn and Annersley Lodge.

These Richards must be related in some way but as yet we have no proof.

Let's now go to Strelley Park.  This is where John Richards, son of Samuel and Mary Richards nee Robinson was born.  We know enough about this area of Strelley Park to know that Swingate and Kimberley Knowle (Knowle meaning a hill) is only a stones throw away from where John Richards was born.

If we position ourselves at the Strelley Park cottages where Sam and Mary lived and turn left up the hill we come to Swingate, Kimberley.  Swingate leads to Knowle Hill.  Knowle Hill comes out opposite The Stag Inn.  How close together are Strelley Park and Kimberley Knowle?

Remember too that a Benjamin Richards died at Swingate and in his WILL a Blacksmiths shop was mentioned!  He too was connected to The Stag Inn.  Did William Richards the Blacksmith and husband of Sarah Merriman work there?

Edward and Hannah Richards nee Collins had four children.  We know all about them.  Edward, Alice, Nanny and John Richards but we do not yet know whom John married.  Can we identify Edward Richards the husband of Hannah Collins?  He was educated having a fluent signature, it is very impressive.  We have to solve his mystery to either include or exclude his clan from our tree.

We must not forget that William and Sarah Richards nee Merriman lived in Greasley in 1789 to 1792 or thereabouts.  Did they live in Kimberley?

Although I can neither prove nor disprove it I believe they did and maybe future research will locate their place of abode.  Remember they baptised their first child Edward at Greasley Church which is consistent with their living in Kimberley.

There was a William Richards living in one of the five cottages attached to The Stag Inn in 1789.  Could this have been him?  Was he living in a relatives cottage vis. Edward and Hannah Richards nee Collins property.  We believe that this latter named Edward Richards died in one of these cottages in 1789.

Further reading, but not connected to this chapter, I suggest
The Story of Kimberley.  by H.H.Mather, published 1957.  Ilkeston Library.

The Richards of Kimberley, parish of Greasley C.19th.


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Created 2 December 2006
Last updated: 6 November 2010