part two (1871 to 1897)
|1871.||2 April. Wednesfield, Staffs. |
At the time of the 1871 Census the family were living at 29, Bloxwich Road, Wednesfield, Staffs.
|Name||Status||M or F||Age||Occupn.||Where born|
|Mark Richards||Head||M||27||Coal miner||Shire Oaks, Notts.|
|Agnes Richards||Wife||F||25||-||Lane Head, Staffs.|
|Tamar Jane Richards||Dau.||F||7||-||Shire Oak, Notts.|
|Emmanuel North Richards||Son||M||4||-||Shire Oak, Notts.|
|1871.||2 April. Staffordshire.|
So Mark Richards told the Enumerator he was aged 27 years, whereas he was 26 years. Also that he was born in Shireoaks, Notts., when in fact he knew that he was born at Brinsley, Notts. The two children have been given the surname Richards and so has Agnes, who states she is the wife of Mark Richards.
This family were living at 29, Bloxwich Road, Wednesfield, Staffs. (number 67 on schedule).
|1871.||12 June. Bushbury, Staffordshire. |
Mark Richards, a widower, aged 26 years married Agnes North late Jones formerly Harvey, aged 26 years, a widow. The marriage was at Bushbury Parish Church in the Regn. District of Penkridge, Staffordshire. He was still a coal miner. Both Mark and Agnes were stated to be residing at Bushbury. Mark Richards made his "mark" whilst Agnes signed her name.
So this is the third marriage for Agnes and the second for Mark Richards. Agnes had at least two children from her previous marriages alive at this time, namely Tamar Jones aged 7 years and Emmanuel North aged 4 years.
The witnesses to this marriage were Jacob Harvey and Tamar Baker, both of whom signed. The respective father's were stated to be Mathew Richards and Thomas Harvey, both of whom were Miners.
The witness Jacob Harvey was Agnes's youngest brother, who would have been 16 years old at the time of her marriage to Mark Richards. This has been verified from the 1861 Census for Willenhall Township - Short Heath Lane, where Agnes then aged 15 years lived with her parents.
|1874.||11 February. Norton Common, Staffordshire. |
Mark and Agnes Richards had a baby son whom they named Eli Richards. The birth was registered by his mother Agnes in the sub-district of Cannock in the Cannock Registration District, Staffs. on the 9 March 1874. Mark Richards, the father was still a coal miner and the family were living at Norton Common, Norton, Staffordshire.
|1874.||12 March. |
Eli Richards was baptised at the Primitive Methodist Church, Norton Canes, Staffordshire and the record of the baptism is to be found at entry number 210 in the aforementioned Church register. A copy of this register is to be found in the Local Studies Centre, Walsall under reference 318/44. At the time of Eli's baptism the place of abode for the family was stated to be Norton Canes. This baptism entry corroborates Eli's birth date as 11.02.1874.
|1874.|| 25 June. Brinsley, Nottinghamshire. |
The records for Brinsley Colliery, which were in the possession of the late Ron Storer, a local historian, reveal a Mark Richards, aged 29 years, married working as a Dayman underground at the colliery.
Undoubtedly this is Mark Richards, born 1 February 1845, the son of Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry. There is perhaps some corroboration of this fact in the same Brinsley Colliery Records which further reveal Mark's brothers namely Henry, John and Luke Richards also working underground. Mark's nephews also work there. So Mark and Agnes Richards and their children have moved from Staffordshire to Nottinghamshire.
|1876.|| 18 October. Worksop, Nottinghamshire. |
Another baby son was born to Mark and Agnes Richards and they named him George Richards. At that time the family were living in Crown Terrace, Worksop. Father Mark was still a coal miner and the birth was registered on the 4 November by mother Agnes Richards in the Worksop sub-district of Worksop Registation District. No more baptisms can be traced as being registered in this district.
|1880.||14 July Radcliffe, Lancashire. |
Another son was born and they named him Jacob Richards. He was obviously named after Agnes's brother Jacob Harvey, a witness to this couples marriage. Mark Richards made his "mark" when registering the birth of his son Jacob on the 25 August 1880. His occupation was stated to be that of a Labourer at a Paper Mill.
At that time the family were living at 24, Mather Street, Radcliffe and remained there until after the 1881 census. The houses on one side of Mather Street still remain but alas it is the odd numbers, the even numbers having been demolished. (1990).
The Superintendent Registrar for Bury Registration District, which takes in Radcliffe and surrounding parishes has caused a search to be made of his Registers. No more children were registered in this District to this couple. However from January 1887 to circa 1889, twenty three entries were identified as being Richards births therein.
Consequently we can say for certain that they only lived in the Radcliffe area for a short time, because as will be seen later they were in Norton Common, Staffordshire in 1882.
|1881.||Radcliffe, Lancashire. |
The census dated 3 April 1881 reveals that Mark and Agnes Richards and their three children namely Eli aged 7 years, George aged 4 years and Jacob aged 8 months were living at 24, Mather Street, Radcliffe.
Also living with them were Tamar Jones and Emanuel North, the children of Agnes from her two previous marriages. The census reveals them as step-children of Mark Richards. Additionally they had a married Boarder named Alicia Rouse living with them. The latter person being born at Macclesfield, Cheshire.
This census reveals that Mark Richards was a labourer at a Paper Mill and confirms that we have the correct couple by recording Mark as aged 35 years and born at New Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.
|1881.|| 14 March. Norton Common, Brownhills, Staffordshire.|
A baby girl was born to this couple and they named her Cecilia. Her father Mark Richards had returned to being a coal miner and he made his mark when registering baby Cecilia's birth on the 24 April 1882 in the sub-district of Cannock in the Registation District of Cannock.
|1885.|| 31 July Norton Common, Brownhills, Staffordshire. |
The Electoral Rolls for Brownhills reveal Mark Richards appearing for the first time as far as we have yet traced. He occupied a Dwelling House in Brownhills, Walsall with a rateable value of £10 per annum.
The fact that Mark Richards had now got a vote was the result of the 1884 Act which rationalised the electoral system and made it more uniform as well as more democratic. The great divide between the electoral qualifications in town and country had been destroyed.
|1885.|| 4 October Norton, Staffordshire.. |
Yet another son was born to Mark and Agnes Richards and they name him Mathew Henry which are good old Richards names from at least 150 years past. Mark Richards again made his "mark" when registering his new son on the 27 November 1885 again in the sub-district of Cannock in the Registration District of Cannock.
Mark was still a coal miner and the family's place of abode was recorded as Norton whereas previously their abode was stated to be Norton Common. They may or may not have moved house.
|1886.||24 May. Norton Canes, Staffordshire. |
Tamar Jones of Full age and a spinster married Edward Jones of Full age, a bachelor and a miner. This marriage was at the Parish Church, Norton Canes in the County of Stafford. The Banns were called.
Both were stated to be residing at Norton Canes at that time and both signed their names. Their respective father's were William Jones (Tamar) and Richard Jones (Edward). The witnesses were Richard Jones and Elizabeth Jones.
This latter couple were most likely the grooms relatives. It is surprising that Tamar's father, namely William Jones was not recorded as being "Deceased" because he had been dead for several years.
|1886.|| 31 July Norton Canes, Brownhills, Staffordshire. |
Mark Richards is recorded in the Electoral Rolls for the Norton Canes Polling District. He is stated to be occupying a dwelling house at Norton East, Norton Canes.
However, according to the Electoral Rolls this is the last year that he was entitled to vote in Norton Canes until 1891. Certainly he is not recorded in the years 1887 1888, 1889 and 1890.
|1887.|| 2 May Norton, Staffordshire. |
Tamar and her husband Edward Jones, baptise their daughter Agnes Emma at the Norton East Methodist Chapel and the baptism entry is recorded in the said Church register.
The said entry records the place of abode as Norton East and
father Edward Jones was a miner.
Consequently Mark and Agnes are grandparents of baby Agnes Emma, who was most likely named after grandmother.
On the 22 June 1887, the children of Norton Canes National Infants School were given a days holiday to celebrate Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee.
|1887.|| 25 August Norton Canes, Staffordshire. |
There is no mention of Mark Richards on the Electoral Rolls for the parish of Norton Canes.
|1888.|| 31 July Norton Canes, Staffordshire. |
There is no mention of Mark Richards in the Electoral Rolls for the parish of Norton Canes.
|1889.|| 8 September Stoneyford, Derbyshire.|
Another baby girl was born to Mark and Agnes. They named this child Agnes Richards and she was born at Stoneyford which is a tiny hamlet near Aldercar and Codnor in Derbyshire.
On the 26 October 1889, Mark Richards made his "mark" when registering the birth of his daughter Agnes. The family were still living at Stoneyford.
Some eight years previously the 1881 census revealed that there were only 35 dwellings in this hamlet and most of the residents were mining people.
|1889.|| 7 April Ogley Hay, Brownhills, Staffordshire.|
Emmanuel North, aged 23 years, a bachelor and a miner married Mary Jane Dennis, aged 19 years and a spinster. Both were said to be residing at Brownhills at the time of their marriage. Both signed their names on the marriage document. Their witnesses were Thomas Hill and Mary Jane Mackler, both of whom signed their names. The brides father was Thomas Dennis an Inn Keeper whilst the grooms father was stated to be John North, deceased. Of course this is the son of Agnes Richards from her second marriage.
|1890.||25 July. Norton Canes, Staffordshire. |
Mark and Agnes again became grandparents, when Tamar Jones gave birth to a baby girl whom they named Mabel Eveline Jones. This baby was baptised on the 14 August 1890 at the Primitive Methodist Church, Norton Canes, at which time the place of abode was recorded as Norton. Of course Tamar's maiden and married name was Jones. Father Edward Jones was a miner. The baptism is recorded in the aforementioned Church register under entry No. 728.
(Walsall R.O. Ref: 318/44).
|1890.|| 5 May to the 29 September. Cannock, Staffordshire. |
The Cannock Union Rate Book for the Parish of Norton, reveals that Mark Richards was a tenant in a house owned by Eli Harvey and located on the Common. He paid 4s..7d. rates for this half year period.
This document also reveals that his step-son Emmanuel North had moved into another house in the same location and owned by the same man. Clearly they were neighbours.
The evidence suggests that Emmanuel North and his wife Mary Jane North moved into their house on the Common about the time of their marriage. It may have been their first home.
The documentary evidence reveals this is the first time that Mark Richards has appeared in the Rate Books for this Parish. Most certainly he is not recorded in the corresponding period for 1889. Having said that the Rate Book for the half year ending the 4 May 1890 has not survived but there is documentary evidence available in the form of Agnes Richards birth certificate to prove that in September 1889, Mark and Agnes Richards were in Stoneyford, Derbyshire. The latter named baby Agnes being their daughter.
It is pertinent to point out that in the 1889 Rate Book (May to Sept.) Eli Harvey is recorded as owning two houses in High Street, Norton in addition to the five houses he owned on the Common.
Eli Harvey was the son of John and Harriett Harvey - John Harvey was born at Church Gresley which is where Thomas Harvey the brother of Agnes was born.
The 1871 Census reveals that both John and Thomas Harvey were aged 40 years but at that time both were married. Perhaps they were twins or at least cousins. Eli Harvey was the owner of seven dwelling houses in Norton for some years. From 1889 to 1900 for sure and prior to 1889 he owned five of these houses. In 1900 he sold these properties.
The 1891 census was taken and we discover Mark Richards and his wife Agnes living with their children in a house on High Street, Norton Canes. Their son Jacob Richards was said to be born at Radley Bridge, Lancashire, whereas his birth certifcate clearly states he was born at Mather Street, Radcliffe, Lancs. I wonder whether this area was known locally as Radley Bridge at that time or did the Enumerator misunderstand the dialect of the informant, probably Mark Richards!
|Name||Status||M or S||Sex||Age|| Birth
|Mark Richards||Head||Marr.||M||46||1845||Coal Miner||Brinsley, Notts.|
|Agnes Richards||Wife||Marr.||F||45||1846||----||Lane Head, Staffs.|
|Eli Richards||Son||Unm.||M||17||1874||Coal Miner||Norton Canes, Staffs.|
|George Richards||Son||Unm.||M||14||1877||---||Worksop, Notts.|
|Jacob Richards||Son||Unm.||M||10||1881||Scholar||Radley Bridge, Lancs.|
|Cecelia Richards||Dau.||Unm.||F||9||1882||Scholar||Norton Canes, Staffs.|
|Henry Richards||Son||Unm.||M||5||1886||Scholar||Norton Canes, Staffs.|
|Agnes Richards||Dau.||Unm.||F||1||1890||----||Stoney Ford, Derbys.|
|1891.|| 31 July Norton Canes, Staffordshire.|
The Electoral Rolls for the Norton Canes Polling District, reveal that Mark Richards occupied a Dwelling House on High Street, Norton Canes. He is shown as number 341 under the heading of Occupiers, so he did not own the property. Emmanuel North is also recorded on the same Electoral Roll as occupying a Dwelling House on High Street, Norton Canes. From the relevant Rate Books it is clear that the respective properties are owned by Eli Harvey.
Mark and Agnes again became grandparents when Emmanuel North and his wife Mary Jane had a son whom they named John North. Subsequently, in 1918, this son John married Emma May Arblaster. He died in 1975.
Yet again Mark and Agnes became grandparents when their son Emmanuel North and his wife Mary Jane had another son whom they named Thomas North. However this baby boy did not live very long and in fact died in 1893.
The evidence available to date suggests that Emmanuel North and his wife Mary Jane North spent some of their married life in Brownhills. Having said that Emmanuel North died in Bakewell.
The Cannock Union Rate Book 1891/92 for the Parish of Norton dated the 2 November 1891 to the 25 March 1892 reveals that Mark Richards still occupied a house on the Common owned by Eli Harvey and still paying a half yearly rate of 4s..7d. Although we can neither prove nor disprove it, there is no doubt that he is living in the same house as he moved into in 1891. In fact further documentary evidence from the Cannock Union Rate Books 1891 to 1897 suggest that Mark Richards remained in the same house during this period.
However Emmanuel North had left the Common by the end of 1891 and possibly earlier and his whereabouts at this time are not yet known.
|1892/3.||Norton Canes, Staffordshire..|
The Log Book for Norton Canes National Infants School, which is currently held at the County Record Office, Stafford has revealed the following snippets:
13 May 1892. Matthew Richards and three other children will be 7 years of age before May 1893, but on account of their backward condition, I wish to retain them in the Infant School another year.
25 October 1892. Mrs. Richards came down to say
that Matthew was born on the 9 October 1886 and not on
the 9 April as put down in the Admissions Register.
29 May 1893. The Infants have been classified today and
the years work commenced. Owing to the delicate state of Thomas
Gradwell's and Matthew Richards health, their parents wish them
to stay in the Infants School another year.
|1893.||Norton Canes, Staffordshire.|
The Electoral Rolls for the Polling District of Norton Canes dated 31 July, reveal that Mark Richards still occupied a Dwelling House on High Street, Norton Canes. He is shown as number 353 under the heading of Occupiers, so he still did not own the property.
|1894.||Norton Canes, Staffordshire.|
The Electoral Rolls for the Norton Canes Polling district, dated the 31 July, reveal that Mark Richards still occupied a Dwelling House on High Street, Norton Canes. He is recorded as number 366 under the list of Occupiers Division 3.
|1895/6.||Norton Canes, Staffordshire.|
The Cannock Union Rate Books for the parish of Norton in the County of Stafford dated from October 1895 to 25 March 1896 and from March 1896 to the 13 November 1896, both reveal that Mark Richards occupied a House and garden in Norton, owned by Eli Harvey. The rateable Value was £5..10s. and each book reveals the rate paid as being 6s..5d. half yearly.
|1897.||Norton Canes, Staffordshire.|
The Electoral Rolls for the Norton Canes Polling district, dated 31 July, reveal that Mark Richards still occupied a Dwelling House on High Street, Norton Canes. He is recorded as number 542 under the list of Occupiers Division 3.
However, Mark Richards does not appear in the Electoral Rolls for either Norton Canes or Alvecote for the year 1898. The presumption is that either he did not register for the vote this year because he moved house between these aforementioned locations or maybe he did not qualify because he had not been continuously resident as an occupier in one place for the previous twelve months prior to the 31 July.
Mark Richards left Norton Canes prior to 1 August 1897, certainly for Alvecote. No place of abode in between. He resided in Alvecote from 1 August 1897 to 31 July 1898, to be elegible to vote in 1899.
part two (1871 to 1897)
Mark Richards (1845 to 1916).
"Captain of the Rovers"
part two (1871 to 1897)
Created 2 December 2001
Last updated: 17 February 2012