Mark Richards (1845 to 1916).

part four (1902 to 1916).

"Captain of the Rovers"

1902.Old Whittington, Derbyshire.  George Richards is still recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the Old Whittington Ward.  He is number N 70 and was residing at 7 Whittington Hill, Old Whittington where he occupied a dwelling house.

There is no mention of Mark Richards nor any of his children in Palterton.

1903.Palterton, Derbyshire.
During the first quarter of 1903, there was another grandchild for Mark and Agnes Richards.  This baby was named Agnes Richards but at present the child's parents have not been identified.  According to the Registrar at Chesterfield, the parents were either Eli and Mary Richards or George and Sarah Ann Richards.

27 April 1903.  Sadly this baby Agnes Richards died and was buried in the churchyard at St. Leonard's Parish Church, Scarcliffe aged 4 months.  The abode of the parents was Palterton.

However as will be seen in the next entry Mark and Agnes Richards were grandparents again later in 1903.

11 OctoberFlorence May Richards the first child for Jacob and Fanny Richards was born at Palterton.  Yet another grandchild for Mark and Agnes Richards.

The family of Jacob and Fanny Richards formerly Hardy are the subject of separate web pages so this birth is briefly mentioned herein.

1904.Palterton, Derbyshire.
23 JanuarySarah Ann Richards aged 30 years, the wife of George Richards was buried in the churchyard at St. Leonard's Parish Church, Scarcliffe.  Her abode at the time of her death was Palterton.

26 January 1904.  Three days later, the baby Violet Richards the daughter of George and Sarah Richards was baptised in private by the Vicar of St. Leonard's Parish Church, Scarcliffe and there is an entry in the parish register to this effect.

6 July 1904.  Clearly it was feared that the baby's chances of survival were small in view of the fact that her mother had died, so an early private baptism was arranged.  Those fears were born out six months later when baby Violet Richards died.  She was buried in the churchyard at St. Leonard's Parish Church.

So the year 1904 saw the birth and death of another grandchild for Mark and Agnes Richards namely this baby Violet.  There was more tragedy with the death of their daughter in law Sarah Ann Richards the wife of their son George Richards.  It must have been even more tragic for poor George.

The Electoral Rolls for the West Ward of the Bolsover Polling District reveal that George Richards moved house from New Bolsover to Carr Vale which are adjoining hamlets.  This may have been due to the deaths of his wife and daughter.

The Electoral Rolls for the Scarcliffe Polling District and the hamlet of Palterton for 1904. (31.12.1903 to 1.1.1905) in respect of Occupation Voters reveal family names as follows:  Jacob Richards, Eli Richards and Mark Richards.

By studying these Electoral Rolls for 1904, we have corroboration that Mark Richards and at least two of his son's namely Eli and Jacob Richards were residing in Palterton at this time.  As far as the research has revealed this is the first time that either of these three Richards appear.

1905.Palterton, Derbyshire.
Mark and Agnes Richards became grandparents yet again when their son Eli and his wife Mary Richards had a baby girl whom they named Tamar Richards

17 March 1905.  This baby Tamar was baptised at St. Leonards Parish Church, Scarcliffe.

The Electoral Rolls (1905) reveal that Eli Richards was occupying a dwelling house and still residing in the hamlet of Palterton.  However there is no mention of either his father Mark Richards or his two brothers Jacob and Mathew Henry ("Harry").

George Richards is recorded in the Bolsover Polling District (West Ward) as occupying a dwelling house and residing at Carr Vale, which is the next hamlet to Palterton, being about one and a half miles away, to the west, down the valley.

1906.Palterton and Bolsover, Derbyshire.
Mark Richards and his son Eli are recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the hamlet of Palterton and are said to have each been occupying a dwelling house and residing in Palterton, but there is no mention of his son Jacob being therein.

His son George Richards is recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the Bolsover Polling District and is stated to have been occupying a dwelling house and residing at 13 Charlesworth Street, Carr Vale.  This is the first time his address has been stated since he moved to Bolsover.

1907.Palterton, Derbyshire.
16 MarchAgnes Richards, aged 18 years, the daughter of Mark and Agnes Richards married James Chappell at the Mansfield Register Office.  Father Mark Richards was still a coal miner and he made his "mark" when witnessing his daughters marriage.

At this time the family were living in Johnson's Buildings, Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe.  Subsequently Johnson's Buildings became known as Thirteen Row and they still remain in 2002.

The witnesses to this marriage were Mark Richards and Agnes Richards, both of whom made their "marks".  Undoubtedly these witnesses were the parents of the bride Agnes Richards and possibly chosen because Agnes was only 18 years old.  The grooms father is stated to be John James Chappell, (Deceased).  Both bride and groom signed their names.

21 March 1907Jacob and Fanny Richards announced the birth of their second child and another grandchild for Mark and Agnes Richards.  They name this baby Mark Richards.  This baby will also be dealt with in more detail on a separate page relating to his parents.

What a week of celebration this must have been for Mark and Agnes Richards.  The marriage of their youngest child and another grandchild was born.

Mark Richards and his two sons Eli and Jacob are recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the hamlet of Palterton and are said to have each been occupying a dwelling house and residing in Palterton, whilst his son George Richards is recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the Bolsover Polling District and is stated to have been occupying a dwelling house and residing at 13 Charlesworth Street, Carr Vale.

1908.Parish Church, Bolsover, Derbyshire.
16 MayGeorge Richards, aged 33 years, a widower and a Labourer married Edith Annie Evans, aged 23 years and a spinster at the Parish Church, Bolsover, in the Chesterfield Registration District.  The marriage was after Banns.

Both bride and groom were said to be residing at Bolsover at the time of their marriage and both signed their names.  The respective fathers were Mark Richards and Joseph Evans, both of whom are recorded as miners.  The witnesses were Mark Richards, who made his "mark" and Kathleen Evans, who signed her name.

Mark Richards and his two sons Eli and Jacob are recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the hamlet of Palterton and are said to have each been occupying a dwelling house and residing in Palterton, whilst his son George Richards is recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the Bolsover Polling District and is stated to have been occupying a dwelling house and residing at 13 Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover.

1909.Palterton, Derbyshire.
24 July.  Another grandchild for Mark and Agnes Richards, when their son Jacob and his wife Fanny Richards have another child whom they name Matthew Henry Richards.  This birth has been more fully documented on a separate page relating to Jacob and Fanny Richards.

Mark Richards and his two sons Eli and Jacob are recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the hamlet of Palterton and are said to have each been occupying a dwelling house and residing in Palterton, whilst his son George Richards is recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the Bolsover Polling District and is stated to have been occupying a dwelling house and residing at 13 Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover.

1910.Palterton, Derbyshire.
Mark Richards and his two sons Eli and Jacob are recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the hamlet of Palterton and are said to have each been occupying a dwelling house and residing in Palterton, whilst his son George Richards is recorded on the Electoral Rolls for the Bolsover Polling District and is stated to have been occupying a dwelling house and residing at 13 Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover.

Although Agnes Chappell formerly Richards the daughter of Mark and Agnes Richards was not entitled to vote and thus is not recorded on the Electoral Rolls, her husband James Chappell is recorded and stated to residing at Palterton and occupying a dwelling house.  Consequently this documentary evidence proves that Agnes Chappell formerly Richards was also living in Palterton, close by her parents.

However there is no mention of Mathew Henry Richards alias "Harry" being in the hamlet and his whereabouts at this time are not yet known, though we conject that he may not have been far away.  Of course he was still a bachelor.  He may not have been entitled to a vote!

Name Status M or S Age Yrs. marr. Occupn. Place of birth.
Mark Richards Head Marr. 67 41. Miner Labourer below
ground colliery
New Brinsley.
Notts..
Agnes Richards Wife Marr. 67 41. - Lane Head.
Emmanuel North Son Marr. 44 20 Carter - Farming Bawtry, Notts.
Mathew Henry Richards Son S. 25 - Miner Filler Staffs.
Jacob Richards Grandson S. 11 - School Warwickshire.
This family were living at : 13 House Row, Palterton, which was the last house at the west end of Thirteen Row, the houses being numbered from Back Lane towards Main Street.  Emmanuel North was the son of Agnes Richards and at the time of this census was living apart from his wife.  The boy Jacob Richards was "brought up" by his grandparents, his mother having died giving birth to him.

Mark Richards and his second wife Agnes stated there were 14 children born in their marriage, seven surviving and seven having died.  Emmanuel North who had been married for 20 years stated that he had 2 children, one being still alive, the other one dead.

1911.Palterton, Derbyshire.
23 OctoberJacob and Fanny Richards have another child, a baby girl whom they name Annie Richards.  Consequently Mark and Agnes Richards are grandparents again.  The birth of this child has been dealt with more fully on the page relating to Jacob and Fanny Richards.

The Electoral Rolls for the Scarcliffe Parish, Polling District K, reveals that Mark Richards and his two son's Jacob and Eli Richards were residing at Palterton and were entitled to vote at both Parliamentary and County elections.

Another son George Richards was living at 13 Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover and was likewise so entitled to vote.

James Chappell the husband of Agnes Richards, the daughter of Mark and Agnes was also living in Palterton and qualified to vote at both type of election.

There is still no mention of Mathew Henry Richards alias "Harry" in the hamlet of Palterton being entitled to vote.

1912.Palterton, Derbyshire.
13 JanuaryMathew Henry Richards aged 26 years, a bachelor and a Coal Miner married Annie Bluff, aged 22 years and a spinster at the Mansfield Register Office, in the Mansfield Registration District.

At the time of his marriage Mathew Henry Richards was stated to be living at Palterton, in the Scarcliffe Parish, whilst his wife Annie was residing at The Priory, Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire.  Both bride and groom signed their names.  Their respective fathers were Mark Richards, a Coal Miner and Ambrose Bluff, a General Labourer.  The witnesses were Mark Richards and Agnes Richards, both of whom made their "marks".  Undoubtedly Mark and Agnes Richards were witnessing their son's marriage.

Mark Richards and his two sons Eli and Jacob were still living in Palterton and each occupied a dwelling house, thus all three appear on the Electoral Rolls as being persons entitled to Vote at any Election of a Member to serve in Parliament for the Chesterfield Division between 31.12.1911 and 01.01.1913.

Likewise George Richards was still residing at 13 Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover and was similarly entitled to vote.

This was the year of the great coal strike.  (29th February to 8th April 1912).  Undoubtedly, the Richards familiy would have suffered.  The Minimum Wages Act and the National Insurance Act were passed.

1913.Palterton, Derbyshire.
26th May.  Good news for Mark and Agnes Richards when they became grandparents yet again as a result of a son being born to Jacob and Fanny Richards.

This baby was named Arthur Richards and his birth is also dealt with more fully in the separate pages relating to his parents.  Nevertheless this was good news because subsequently Arthur Richards was my father.

The Electoral Rolls for the parish of Scarcliffe reveal that Mark Richards, Jacob Richards and James Chappell were still living at Palterton and were still entitled to vote at both Parliamentary and County elections as was George Richards who still lived in Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover but had moved house from number 13 to number 30.

However Eli Richards does not appear on the said Rolls and we conclude that he has left the village because he never appears again in future years on the Electoral Rolls for the parish of Scarcliffe.  He moved to the Coleshill area of Nuneaton, where he started another "colony" of Richards.

1914.Palterton, Derbyshire. 
The Electoral Rolls for the parish of Scarcliffe for 1914, reveal Jacob Richards and James Chappell were still living at Palterton and George Richards was still living at 30 Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover.  All three were still entitled to vote as outlined in previous years.

However there is no mention of Mark Richards on these 1914 Rolls and he never appears again on them although he continued to reside at Palterton until his death in 1916.

4 August 1914Great Britain declared war on Germany.

1915.Palterton, Derbyshire.
12 SeptemberAgnes Richards the wife of Mark Richards dies aged 69 years.  The cause of death is recorded as Senile Decay and Heart Failure.

At this time she was living with her husband at Thirteen Row, Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe.

13 September.  Her death was registered by her son Jacob Richards in the Shirebrook Sub-district of the Mansfield Registation District.

15 September.  She was buried in the Churchyard at St. Leonards Parish Church, Scarcliffe, aged 69 years.

By this time Jacob Richards had been married for almost fourteen years and lived at Scotland Yard in the same village as his parents.

This death certificate reveals that Mark Richards was still a Coal Miner and husband of the deceased.  Of course Mark was now 70 years old and one would have thought too old to work at the pit.

Mark Richards does not appear on the 1915 Electoral Rolls for Palterton in the parish of Scarcliffe but his son Jacob Richards and his son in law James Chappell continued to live at Palterton and so were entitled to vote as in previous years, as did his other son George Richards who continued to live at 30 Charlesworth Street, New Bolsover.

1916.Brinsley, Nottinghamshire. 
25 FebruaryMark's brother Mathew Richards died aged 81 years at Brinsley.  The death certificate describes him as a retired Coal Miner Contractor and the cause of death being:
(1) Fractured leg - one and a half months.
(2) Heart failure.

26 February.  The death certified by Francis Dixon. L.R.C.P.  The death was registered by Geo. Hawkins, a nephew of Brinsley, who was said to be in attendance.

1916.Palterton, Derbyshire.
23 JuneMark Richards died at Thirteen Row, Palterton, parish of Scarcliffe, Derbyshire.  The cause of death is recorded as Heart Disease and Asthma.  His death was certified by William Stetton. L.R.C.P.  The death certificate records Mark as being a Coal Miner aged 71 years.!

24 June.  His death was registered by his son Jacob Richards of Palterton in the Shirebrook sub-district of the Mansfield Registation District.

27 June.  He was buried on the in the Churchyard at St. Leonards Parish Church, Scarcliffe, aged 70 years.  His burial ceremony was conducted by W. Brown, whereas almost without exception all burial ceremonies were done by S. Biss, the Vicar.

With the death of Mark Richards, there were no longer any children of Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry alive at that time.

So we bid
"FAREWELL TO MARK RICHARDS -
THE TRAVELLING MAN."

"CAPTAIN OF THE ROVERS."

Mark Richards (1845 to 1916).

part four (1902 to 1916).

"Captain of the Rovers"


Email: ronstan@richardsbygonetimes.co.uk

Home Page: http://www.richardsbygonetimes.co.uk/

Created 2 December 2001
Last updated: 3 February 2003