Mathew Richards (17** to 1800)

"Father of the Clan"

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At present there is little evidence available to positively identify Mathew Richards, husband of Mary formerly Sore.  The positive evidence available is as follows :

1.  On the 22, 29 November and 6 December 1761, the Banns of marriage were called at Strelley Parish Church.  Mathew Richards was recorded as a Sojourner and Mary Sore was of Strelley Parish.

2.  Mathew and Mary Richards formerly Sore married at Strelley Parish Church on the 28 December 1761.  They were both illiterate but Mathew Richards had a distinctive mark, which from now on will become his identity card.  The witnesses were : Edward Smith and John Shaw - people known to Mathew and Mary Richards at this time, who need to be identified.

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The mark of Mathew Richards. !

The mark of Mathew Richards is most intriguing.  Sometimes illiterate people used their Trade Symbol when making their mark.  e.g. Scissors meant he would be a tailor by trade.

These two witnesses namely Edward Smith and John Shaw also witness a marriage on the 10 January 1763 between a Joseph Barratt of Papplewick and Ann Hooley of Strelley, who were married at Strelley after calling the Banns.

Could Mathew and Mary Richards have known either Joseph Barratt or Ann Hooley?

3.  On the 2 August 1762, Mathew Richards applies to Stapleford Parish for a Settlement Certificate.  At this time Mary his wife was three months pregnant.

A copy of the Settlement certificate issued to Mathew Richards by the Overseers of Stapleford Parish.

This vital piece of documentary evidence states:

"We Thomas Greasley and George Brown and George Ayscough, churchwardens and overseers of the poor of the parish of Stapleford in the county of Nottingham do hereby own and acknowledge Mathew Richards and Mary his wife legally settled in the parish of Stapleford in the county of Nottingham aforesaid, and we do hereby promise for ourselves and successors to receive the said Mathew Richards, his wife and family, whenever they shall become chargeable to, or ask relief of Strelley aforesaid to which place the said Mathew Richards is now removing, for the better support and maintenance of himself and his family."

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals the 2nd. day of August in the second year of the reign of our sovereign Lord George the Third by the grace of god of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith and so forth; and in the year of our lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty two. (1762).
Thomas Greasley made his mark.  George Brown and George Ayscough both signed.
Attested by us:  John Limb and William Sore, both of whom signed.

To the churchwardens and overseers of the poor of Strelley.
"We whose names are hereunto subscribed, Justices of the Peace of the county of Nottingham aforesaid, do allow of the certificate above written and do hereby certify, that John Limb, one of the subscribing witnesses made oath before us, that he did see the churchwardens and overseers of the poor above named, set their hands and seals to this certificate and that his name and the names of the other witnesses were their proper handwriting.
Dated the 2 day of August (1762) in the year of our lord, one thousand seven hundred and sixty two.
W. Bilbie and M. Musters.  Both signed.

From this settlement certificate we have positive evidence that Mathew and Mary Richards and their future family are legally settled in Stapleford as at the 2 August 1762.

With effect from this date (2 August 1762) Mathew Richards was moving to Strelley for the better support and maintenance of himself and his future family - he has a permanent job in Strelley we deduce.

Stapleford promise to receive Mathew Richards, his wife and family whenever they shall become chargeable to or ask relief of Strelley.

All this positive evidence of firm facts we cling to from now on.

The system automatically gives the wife the husbands settlement place.

Mathew Richards was obviously applying to the parish of Stapleford for his wife to be included after their marriage on the 28 December 1761.

An image of Strelley Parish church where Mathew Richards and Mary Sore married and baptised their children.

Mathew and Mary Richards reside together forever in Strelley and Mathew dies there on 1 April 1800 but we think Mary, his wife leaves Strelley in 1808 to take up residence in Radford for a period of five years.

Through two documents we have gained four witnesses - people and relatives of Mathew and Mary Richards nee Sore namely :

Edward Smith, John Shaw, John Limb and William Sore, all of whom sign their names.  we have to cling to these people from now on and identify them. we have to build a firm foundation from here.

There is documentary evidence available in the Strelley parish register recording a marriage between John Limb and Elizabeth Woodhouse, a widow, on the 21 February 1759.  The witnesses were William Sore and Richard Sore.

Also on the 5 October 1762, William Reynor and Elizabeth Shaw, widow married at Strelley church.  The witnesses were Alice Richards and William Dodsley.

Could Elizabeth Shaw have been the widow of John Shaw who witnessed Mathew Richards and Mary Sore's wedding.  We have Alice Richards witnessing this marriage too.  Alice could write.  Could be interesting!

1800.  There is positive evidence that Mathew Richards was buried at Strelley parish church on the 1 April 1800 but no age was recorded.

1815.  Also that Mary Richards nee Sore was buried on the 12 April 1815 at Strelley parish church.  Consequently it follows that Mary was a widow for 15 years.

An image of part of the inside of Strelley Parish church.

Who was Mary Sore?.

1739.  She was born at Strelley on the 21 January and baptised shortly afterwards on the
8 February (1739) at Strelley parish church.  Her parents were Edward Soar and his wife Mary nee Richards.

Who was Mary Sore?.

1734.  Her parents marriage details are Edward Soar of Strelley married Mary Richards of Nuthall after banns published on the 17 February 1734 at Nuthall parish church.

At the end of this chapter, I have included a mini family tree of her ancestors back to about 1700.

All Saints parish church.  Strelley.

1761.  28 December 1761.  Mathew Richards, sojourner married Mary Sore of Strelley parish.  He signed but she made her mark.  The banns were published 22 and 29 November
and 6 December 1761.

1763.  11 February.  William son of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 15.02.1763.
Note:  This is an important discovery because it is my direct ancestor.

1765.  27 July.  Mathew son of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 02.08.1765
Note:  I have named this child "Mathew the Speculator"

1767.  6 December.  Mark son of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 8.12.1767.

1771.  15 January.   Luke son of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 8.03.1771.
1772.  25 August.   Luke Richards.  Infant.  buried.

1773.  12 August.  John son of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 17.08.1773.

1776.  15 March.  Hannah dau. of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 1.04.1776.

1780.  16 May.  Mark Richards buried.  (he was born 6 December 1767).

1780.  4 November.  Samuel son of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 28.12.1780.
Note:  I have named this child "Strelley Sam"

1783.  5 August.  Grace dau. of Mathew and Mary Richards born and bapt. 26.10.1783.

1785.  Note:  In the parish register, it says turn back 16 pages, but I could not sort it out.  There may be more burials that I have missed in the 16 pages.

An copy of a Strelley Overseers page showing the 1772 
Easter Dues for Strelley and Bilboro. Mat. Richards name is bottom left

Strelley Parish Church chest.

1768 to 1775.  Strelley Easter dues.  PR.1629.
1768.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  6d.         PR.1629/1.
1769.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  1s.         PR.1629/2.
1770.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  1s..6d.   PR.1629/3.
1771.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  2s.         PR.1629/4.
1772.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  2s..6d.   PR.1629/5.
1773.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  3s.         PR.1629/6.
1774.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  3s..6p.   PR.1629/7.
1775.  Easter dues.  Mathew Richards.  4s.         PR.1629/8.

Mathew Richards, subject of this chapter is the person named as paying these Easter dues.

These Easter Dues include both Strelley and Bilboro and are a valuable resource for researchers in these two villages, in that they are a list of the heads of households and even record an empty house.  As an example in 1772, they record 49 households in Strelley and 32 in Bilboro.

After each name there are two small columns headed "Offgs" and "Cows".  I believe the first is an abbreviation for Offerings.  This is where the amounts appear.  There are no entries in the second column.

1783.  21 July.  Reference is made to Mathew Richards being paid money for catching ourchins (hedgehogs)  .8p.  This could refer to either Mathew Richards, subject of this chapter or his son Mathew, who would have been a week short of being aged 18 years at that time.  PR.17871/64.

1785.  Note:  In the parish register, it says turn back 16 pages, but I could not sort it out.  There may be more burials that I have missed in the 16 pages.

1786.  Banns of Mathew Richards of this parish (Strelley) and Amey (Amy) Calendine of Ilkelston (Ilkeston) 3rd, 10th. and 17th. Dec. 1786.
This is the man I have named "The Speculator".

1800.  1 April.  Mathew Richards buried at Strelley parish church.
(My words - This is the husband of Mary Richards nee Sore).

1815.  12 April.  Mary Richards aged 76 of Strelley buried at Strelley parish church.

An image of part of the inside of Strelley Parish church where Mathew Richards and his wife Mary nee Sore were buried.

Briefly, the family tree of Mary Richards nee Sore is as follows:

173417 February at Nuthall parish church.  Edward Soar of Strelley married Mary Richards of Nuthall after banns published.

Children so far traced to this marriage - more research required.

1.  Grace to Edward Soer and Mary at Bulwell, bapt. 15 January 1735, buried April 1735.
2.  William Soar son of Edward Soar and Mary his wife at Bulwell bapt. 12 August 1737.
3.  Mary Soar born 21 January 1739, bapt. 8 February 1739 at Strelley parish church.
(IGI. states 1740).
Note:  Subsequently she married Mathew Richards on the 28.12.1761.
4.  Hannah Soar born 30 March 1743, bapt. 12 April 1743 at Strelley parish church.
She was buried 17 May 1744 at Strelley parish church.
5.  John Soar born 15 May 1745 and bapt. 18 May 1745 at Strelley parish church.
6.  Millicent Soar born 18 September 1747 and bapt. 1 October 1747 at Strelley parish church.  (Meliscent).  She was buried 19 November 1782 at Strelley parish church.

Note:  There may be more children born to this couple in Bulwell and some of the aforementioned children may have died as children.  More research is required.
Edward Sore buried ......?

1753.  27 October 1753.  William Soar of Estwayte (Eastwood) and Mary Soar of Strelley were granted a Licence to marry by Mr. George Wakefield, Surrogate.  William Soar signed his name at the bottom of the Licence, that has the words "Seven Pence Quire" and a Crown in the top left hand corner.  A Quire is stated to be "25 sheets of writing paper;one of the folded sheets that are sewn together in book-binding".

1753.  27 October.  William Soar of Eastwood, f.w.k. aged above 32 years, bachelor married
Mary Soar of Strelley, aged above 42 years, widow at St. Nicholas parish church, Nottingham.

Settlement certificate.
1753.  20 November 1753.  William Sore and Mary his wife, legally settled in the parish of Eastwood to the parish of Strelley.
William Sore is now moving for the better support of himself and his family. 

This settlement certificate states: We Edward Mufson, Isaac Morris, Henry Carlin, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor for the parish of Eastwood in the County of Nottingham, do hereby own and acknowledge William Soar and Mary his wife, legally settled in the parish of Eastwood.  They promise to receive them back if they become charegeable or ask relief of the parish of Stirley (my note, it should be Strelley), to which place the said William Sore is now moving for the better support and maintenance of himself and his family.

The certificate is dated 20 November in the Twenty seventh year of the reign of George the Second (1753).

Edward Mufson made his mark, Isaac Morris and Henry Carlin both signed their names.

John Wagg, Benjamin Eyre attested the doccument.  J. Sherwin and W. Bilbie witnessed it.  All signed their names.  I conject all the persons named in the certificate would be known to William Sore and the witnesses may have been his friends.

So William Sore became the stepfather to Mary Sore when he married her mother Mary.  She would be about 14 years old when her widowed mother remarried.  Eight years later she married Mathew Richards.

1791.  9 June 1791.  Mary Soar buried Strelley parish church.
Note: I believe this is the widow of the late William Sore and mother in law of Mathew Richards.

1704.  19 May.  John Soare married Grace Hellos.  19.05.1704 at Strelley parish church.

Children traced to date :
1.  William Soar bapt. 3?.08.1705 at Strelley p.c.
2.  John Soar bapt. 14 / 31.10.1707 at Strelley p.c.
3.  Edward Soar bapt. 21.11.1709 at Strelley p.c.
4.  Elizabeth Soar bapt. 07.05.1712 at Strelley p.c.
5.  Grace Soar bapt. 29.08.1715 at Strelley p.c.
6.  Mary Soar bapt. 14.04.1718 at Strelley p.c.
7.  jane Soar bapt. 08.07.1722 at Strelley p.c.

These baptism's need to be checked against the original parish register.

1734.  17 February.  Edward Soar bapt. 21.11.1709. married Mary Richards on 17.02.1734 at Nuthall parish church.  They had at least five children including Mary Soar who married Mathew Richards.

Consequently William Richards the blacksmith, eldest son of Mathew Richards and his wife Mary Sore, may have killed two birds with one stone when he baptised his first child Edward both after Edward Soar and Edward Merriman!

So, farewell to Mathew Richards and his wife Mary nee Sore.  She provided us with details of her ancestry but sadly Mathew left us still searching to prove his ancestry.

Mathew Richards (17** to 1800)

"Father of the Clan"


Email: ronstan@richardsbygonetimes.co.uk

Home Page: http://www.richardsbygonetimes.co.uk/

Created 2 December 2001
Last updated: 10 March 2004