Mathew Richards (1808 to 1870).

"Father of the BRINSLEY BUNCH"

1808.14 FebruaryOld Radford, Nottinghamshire.
Mathew Richards the youngest son of William Richards and his wife Sarah Richards formerly Merriman was baptised at St. Peter's Church, Old Radford.  The family lived at Outgang Lane, Radford and father was a blacksmith.
1808.29 MayRadford, Nottinghamshire.
William Richards, husband of Sarah Richards formerly Merriman and the father of this baby Mathew Richards, aged 45 years was buried in the churchyard at St. Peters Parish Church, Old Radford.  He was born on the 11 February 1763 at Strelley.
1818.23 AugustRadford, Nottinghamshire.
Sarah Richards formerly Merriman, aged 48 years, wife of the late William Richards was buried in the churchyard at St. Peters Parish Church, Old Radford.  She was the mother of this Mathew Richards.

She would have witnessed the demolition and rebuilding on the same site of this old church in 1811.

Her son, Mathew Richards was ten years old and would be working, most likely at a nearby pit!

1819.8 NovemberRadford, Nottinghamshire.
Mary Richards, the youngest sister of Mathew Richards, being baptised at Radford on the 15 September 1805, was buried in the churchyard at St. Peters Parish Church, Old Radford.  The parish register states aged 15 years but she may have been only 14 years depending on how old she was when baptised.
1820.25 DecemberOld Radford, Nottinghamshire.
Edward Richards, the oldest brother of Mathew Richards, baptised at Greasley on the 7 March 1790, married Mary Cooper, a young widow at St. Peters Parish Church, Old Radford.

Edward was late marrying (aged 30 years) due to the fact that he had been serving in the army but in 'civvy street' he subsequently became a flourishing market gardener.

He hit the 'headlines' when he purchased the "White Horse Inn", Old Radford at an auction in 1851.

Edward died in New Radford in the early 1860's and left a 'will'.  He lived in Radford practically all his life, apart from a few months spent in Kimberley, Greasley where he was born and during his army career.  He was a Chelsea Pensioner.

1821.26 NovemberNuthall, Nottinghamshire.
Samuel Merriman Richards baptised at St. Peter's Parish Church, Old Radford on the 25 December 1799 and the youngest brother of Mathew married Dorothy Chambers.  Their witnesses were cousins of the Richards, who also lived at Awsworth in the parish of Nuthall.

Sam was stated to be of Nuthall parish at the time of his marriage.  He was a collier and worked at the 'Flying Nancy' pit at Awsworth in 1828 for certain but whether he was down the pit at the time of his wedding, is not factual as yet.

We do know that Samuel Merriman Richards helped to sink the Hutchby pit at Awsworth.  We know for certain that Dorothy Chambers was of Awsworth, but are not absolutely certain about 'Sam'.

1825.20 MarchCossall, Nottinghamshire.
Eliza Richards the daughter of Samuel Merriman Richards and his wife Dorothy was baptised at Cossall Parish Church.  So Mathew is an uncle.

This evidence is noteworthy because it is positive evidence that Samuel Merriman Richards and his family live in the village of Cossall in 1825 and not in Awsworth.

1825.20 DecemberNuthall, Nottinghamshire.
Mathew Richards, orphaned seven years ago at the age of ten years, married Hannah Kerry at St. Patrick's Church, Nuthall, Notts.  The witnesses were Henry/Harry Clay and William White.  The latter was most likely the Parish Clerk.  Neither Mathew Richards nor his bride Hannah could write and both made their marks.  The marriage is number 65 in the Parish register.

Although it has not yet been positively established I believe that he was living in Awsworth in the parish of Nuthall.

With whom had he been living in Awsworth?  His brother Samuel Merriman Richards was living in Cossall in 1825, but his uncle Mathew Richards was the licensee at The Jolly Colliers pub in Awsworth.  Did he live with his uncle?

He was a collier - did he work at the Awsworth pit?  His uncle Mathew worked down this pit in 1825 but his brother 'Sam' may, in 1825, have worked down the Cossall pit!

Parish Church, Nuthall 20.11.1825, 27.11.1825 and 04.12.1825.  The Banns for the marriage had been called on these three Sundays by the Rector of St. Patrick's Parish Church, Charles Nixon.  Entry number 157 in the Parish register records these dates.  So Mathew Richards was living in the parish prior to his marriage.
1826.3 DecemberAwsworth, Nottinghamshire.
Sarah Richards, daughter of Mathew Richards, Collier and Hannah his wife, baptised at Nuthall Parish Church.  Their place of abode was Awsworth.

Very little is known about this child, but it appears as if her parents did not have to get married, unless of course she was aged 3 months when she was baptised.  Her father Mathew Richards would be only around 19 years of age at this time.

1827.14 SeptemberAwsworth, Nottinghamshire.
Dorothy Richards formerly Chambers, wife of Samuel Merriman Richards was buried at Awsworth churchyard, aged 35 years.  Her place of abode was stated to be Awsworth.

This gives us positive evidence that 'Sam' and 'Dot' were now living in Awsworth in 1827

1828.12 MayAwsworth, Nottinghamshire.
Samuel Merriman Richards remarries at Nuthall Parish Church to Elizabeth Longden, a spinster.  They were both of Nuthall parish and illiterate. 

The witnesses to this marriage were John Richards and Mary Richards, husband and wife, John being 'Sams' cousin and son of Mathew Richards, licensee of 'The Jolly Colliers' and Collier (?) which links us back to the village of Strelley, where uncle Mathew and Mathew's father William the Blacksmith of Radford, were born to Mathew and Mary Richards formerly Sore.

This last paragraph may sound complicated but all will be revealed and explained in the appropriate pages!

I think we can safely assume that Samuel Merriman Richards and his second wife Elizabeth lived in Awsworth in 1828.

1829.19 JulyAwsworth, Nottinghamshire.
William Richards baptised at Awsworth the son of Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry.  I cannot find his burial.
1832.8 AugustUnderwood, Nottinghamshire.
Martha Richards was born at Underwood and baptised on the 24 January 1833 at Selston Primitive Methodist Chapel.  Her parents being Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry. Her fathew was a Coal Miner.

I have a feeling that Mathew Richards and his wife Hannah formerly Kerry may have baptised all their children as Non conformists because the Selston area at that time was a hot bed of non conformity, especially amongst mining families.

To date (2002) I have no more information about their childrens' births other than is recorded herein.

1831.date not knownplace not known, Nottinghamshire.
John Richards was born circa 1831.  His parents being Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry. No more details about his birth and baptism known at present.
1832.date not knownAnnersley ?, Nottinghamshire.
Eliza Richards born circa 1832 at possibly Ansley. (Annersley).

There is evidence from the 1851 Census that subsequently she gave birth to an illegitimate baby named Catherine Richards, born 1 February 1850.

1834.10 NovemberUnderwood, Nottinghamshire.
Samuel Richards, aged 5 years of Underwood buried.  A baby of Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry.  We have not yet discovered his birth date nor baptism.
1835.date not knownUnderwood, Nottinghamshire.
Mathew Richards was born at Underwood, Selston.
1839?date not knownUnderwood/Selston, Nottinghamshire.
Luke Richards was born the son of Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry.
1841.27 AprilUnderwood, Nottinghamshire.
Edward Richards of Underwood buried, no age recorded. (872).  His parents being Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry.  No more details about his birth and baptism known at present.

This baby was named after his "uncle Edward". i.e. father "Mathew Richards' brother.

1841.date to followSelston, Nottinghamshire.
At the time of the 1841 Census the family were living at Middle Brook, Selston but only John, Eliza, Mathew and Luke Richards appear with their parents Mathew and Hannah Richards.
Name Status Age Occupn. Born Notts. "Y" or "N"
Mathew Richards Head 35 ?? Y
Hannah Richards Wife 35 ?? N
John Richards Son 10 Miner Y
Eliza Richards Dau. 9 ?? Y
Mathew Richards Son 6 ?? Y
Luke Richards Son 2 ?? Y
1842.14 FebruarySelston, Nottinghamshire.
Henry Richards was born at Selston.  The birth of Henry Richards was registered at Greasley a Sub-division of Basford Registration District and is number 186 in the Registrar's register.  The birth was registered by Hannah Richards, mother of Selston, who made her mark.  Her husband Mathew Richards, the father was recorded as a Collier.
1845.1 FebruaryNew Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.
Mark Richards was born at New Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.  The birth was registered on the 18 February 1845 by his father Mathew Richards, a Collier of New Brinsley who made his mark by putting two crosses.  The birth was registered at Greasley a sub-district of Basford Registration District and is recorded as number 188 in the Registrar's register.  (Ref.G5/186).

This is my direct ancestor and there is much information available about him.

His life has been documented in the chapter entitled "Mark Richards - The Travelling Man."

1847.25 AprilUnderwood, Nottinghamshire.
Edward Richards of Underwood, no age recorded, buried. (1081).  His parents being Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry.  No more details about his birth and baptism known at present.

This baby was named after his "uncle Edward". i.e. father Mathew Richards' brother.

1848.24 JuneNew Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.
William Richards of Brinsley, born. (***).  His parents being Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry.  (To be updated).

This baby was named after his grandfatherWilliam Richards.

1849.4 AprilNew Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.
William Richards of Brinsley, buried, aged (***).  His parents being Mathew and Hannah Richards formerly Kerry.  The cause of death being diarrhoea for 3 weeks.  (To be updated).
1850.4 FebruaryBrinsley, Nottinghamshire.
Hannah Richards formerly Kerry died having suffered from diarrhoea for nine months and was buried on the 9 February 1850, aged 45 years in the churchyard of Greasley Parish Church.  The burial entry is number 471 in the parish register and the ceremony was performed by Rev. John Hides, Vicar of Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.  Most likely her illness was cancer!

5 February 1850.  The death was registered by her husband Mathew Richards, a Collier of New Brinsley who made his mark by putting one cross.  The death was registered at Greasley, a sub-district of Basford Registration District.  The entry is number 74 in the Registrar's register.(471)

1850.1 FebruaryNew Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.
Catherine Richards, the illegitimate daughter of Eliza Richards was born at New Brinsley and her birth was registered on the 13 February 1850 in Greasley, which was a Sub-district of Basford Registration District.  The mothers name is recorded as Eliza Richards but the fathers name has been left blank.  Eliza Richards made her mark.  The entry is number 465 in the Registrar's book.  No occupation is recorded for Eliza Richards.

Research has revealed more information about Catherine Richards and will be the subject of a separate chapter.

1850.13 MayBrinsley, Nottinghamshire.
Mathew Richards then married Sarah Leivers.  The details of that marriage are as follows:-

Mathew Richards, Widower, aged 46/47 years, occupation Collier of New Brinsley married Sarah Shelton formerly Leivers, Widow, aged 67 years.  Sarah Richards late Shelton formerly Leivers was baptised on 27 September 1789 at Eastwood, Nottinghamshire.

Her parents were William Leivers, a Collier and his wife Ann Leivers.  The witnesses were Vincent Leivers and Lydia Shelton both of whom made their marks.  Mathew Richards and Sarah Shelton both made their marks and their respective abodes were recorded as being Codnor ParkSarah was a servant.  The marriage entry is number 291 in the Parish register.

An interesting piece of evidence is recorded on this marriage record and that is Mathew Richards' father was William Richards a Blacksmith and Sarah Sheltons' father was William Leivers, a Collier.

There is evidence on the 1851 Census for New Brinsley that Ann Leivers was visiting her daughter and son in law, that she was born at Heanor, Derbyshire and that she was then aged 85 years, a widow.  This implies that she was born circa 1766.

1850.4 NovemberNorth Wingfield, Derbyshire.
John Richards born circa 1831, married Sarah Ann Saxton at North Wingfield, Derbyshire.
1851. 7 AprilNew Brinsley, Nottinghamshire.
The family are recorded on the 1851 Census living at 36, Broad Lane, New Brinsley but at that time Hannah Richards formerly Kerry had died and Mathew had married Sarah Shelton formerly Leivers.
Name Status *** Age Occupn. Born
Mathew Richards Head M 45 Coal miner Awsworth
Sarah Richards Wife M 63 ** Eastwood
Ann Leivers Visitor Widow 85 ** Heanor
Eliza Richards Dau. S 19 ** Ansley
Mathew Richards Son Unm. 16 Coal Miner Selston
Luke Richards Son Unm. 11 Iron stone
miner
Selston
Henry Richards Son Unm. 9 ** Selston
Mark Richards Son Unm. 6 ** Greasley
Catherine Richards Gr. Dau. Unm. 1 ** Greasley
1858.5 AprilGreasley, Nottinghamshire.
At Greasley Parish Church, Mathew Richards, aged 23 years, Bachelor and Coal Miner of Brinsley married Mary Ball, aged 19 years, Spinster of Brinsley.  The respective fathers were Mathew Richards, coal miner and Thomas Naylor, Labourer.  The witnesses were Thomas May and Jane Cook who both made their marks, as did the bride and groom.

Also present was the Parish Clerk John Attenborough.  I have not researched Mary Bell's parentage.  Note a Cook witness at a Richards wedding.  Remember Elizabeth Cook marrying a William Richards late 18th. century.

1861.DateBrinsley, Nottinghamshire.
At the time of the 1861 census the family were living in a private house at 139. New Brinsley. Nottinghamshire. 
1865.1 JanuaryBrinsley, Nottinghamshire.
Sarah Richards late Shelton formerly Leivers was buried in the churchyard of Brinsley Parish Church.  The burial entry is number 80 in the Parish register and the ceremony was conducted by the Curate Edward Taylor.  Her age was recorded as 80 years which indicates she was born circa 1784.  So once again Mathew Richards was a widower.
1865.7 MayAlfreton, Derbyshire.
I do not propose to deal with Mark Richards (born 1 February 1845) at this stage because he was my direct ancestor and he has his own chapter.  However he married Sarah Barbara Coupe, Spinster aged 17 years at Alfreton Parish Church on this date.
1870.20 AprilBrinsley, Nottinghamshire.
Mathew Richards was buried in the Churchyard of Brinsley Parish Church.  At that time his age was recorded as being 65 years and the burial entry is number 236 in the Parish register.  The ceremony was conducted by J.D.Gibson.

So Mathew Richards was buried with his two wives in the Churchyard of Brinsley Parish Church. Notts.

Mathew Richards (1808 to 1870).

"Father of the BRINSLEY BUNCH"


Email: ronstan@richardsbygonetimes.co.uk

Home Page: http://www.richardsbygonetimes.co.uk/

Created 2 December 2001
Last updated: 3 February 2003